Archive for April, 2010

The black henna tattoos ephemeral: absolutely avoid!

Thursday, April 29th, 2010

Allergic Eczema up due to a type of tattoo

For 5 years, dermatologists and allergists reported cases of allergic contact dermatitis a few days to weeks after the completion of tattoo ephemeral based black henna. These reactions are due to the presence of a black dye. Last year, 32 cases were registered against 17 in 2007. The number of cases has risen sharply, but this may also reflect the impact of the information campaign conducted in 2008 which led to improved reporting of these serious side effects.

Allergic eczema have been reported mainly in women, average age 17 years. However, it was children aged 4 to 12 years in 12 cases.

Note that the allergic reaction may be limited to the tattooed area or spread to the surrounding area, and indeed the whole body.

Reactions can be severe and require urgent medical intervention with hospitalization.

Tattoo and allergic reaction: hot holiday memories
Food allergy: beware the fatal kiss!
Drug allergies: real or imagined?
The hospital at home, an alternative to full hospitalization
Prepare your child to a hospital …
Uterine fibroids: removal without surgery!
The return, best time for desensitization
Henna Tattoo: avoid the color black!
Allergy Alert: 1 in 4

Risk of irreversible Polysensitization
Pollen allergy: focus on treatment
How to stop the allergic rhinitis?
Allergy: desensitization in seven key points

Finally, this can cause allergic dermatitis Polysensitization including rubber, dyes, clothing or hair dyes. The problem is that this is then Polysensitization irreversible and can be very restrictive, such as preventing the practice of certain occupations (hairdressers …).

Finally, resist the temptation to make a tattoo, as ephemeral as it is, you may leave a bitter memory for a lifetime. And if your child demands it, be firm! Another safer alternative: choose a tattoo of an orange-brown color, but especially not black!

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Obesity, new public health problem

Thursday, April 29th, 2010

Obesity is now considered a real disease just like hypertension. Recent studies have shown that excess weight and obesity affected more than half the adult population in many countries. Common in rich countries, obesity is increasing rapidly in many emerging countries.

The French are too big or they do they tend to become? Are we equal before the food or are there any genetic predisposition to obesity? What is the relationship between diet and obesity, and between obesity and disease? Why obesity becomes a problem of public health? Can we prevent obesity by identifying individuals at risk particularly in disadvantaged populations? How to fight against weight gain or regain normal weight?

Understanding obesity

Around the world, the kilos accumulate …

In the U.S. one in three adults is obese (33% against 21% in the 60s) and in some minority communities such as African and Latin American. South America, Asia, India, Thailand and China are not spared especially in large cities and their suburbs. This affects not only the rich countries but also emerging countries. In Europe, obesity is also gaining ground and now affects 15-20% of middle-aged adults: 10% on average in northern Europe but up to 50% of the female population in Eastern Europe.

According to a recent survey (1997) of the Sofres, France would count 37% of adults overweight, including 8% obese. Young people are also more likely to be large and are becoming heavier. The number of obese people is increasing steadily, although this increase is slower than in the USA, Canada, Great Britain, Germany. So France is still relatively untouched, perhaps through its cuisine but for how long?

The most threatening obesity among poor

In the occurrence of obesity, there are differences related to early socio-economic. The survey reveals that SOFRES obesity is more common than the family has limited financial resources. The occupations most at risk are farmers and laborers. The over-representation of obesity among the poor is predominantly female (5% of women, 3% of men). The barometer CFES-CERIN reveals that the percentage of obese women varies between 17% (income less than 6600 F) and 5% (income above 16 000 F). The results of the study SU-VI-MAX also show that obesity is more about the unemployed, pensioners, manual workers (11% against 4% for managers), confirming the apparent relationship between socioeconomic status and obesity . This relationship found in France as in other rich countries may be explained by social inequalities in health and differences in dietary habits. Difficult access to health care system makes random the early care and facilitates the occurrence of massive obesity complicated with hypertension, diabetes … Moreover, the means to fight against excessive weight – health, cure, diet, sports and gymnastics – increase with the level of household life. Finally, the low-income households are the biggest consumers of television and various studies have shown a correlation between weight and time spent watching TV, at least in children.

A low level of education increases the risk of obesity especially in women

The level of education appears to be a predisposing factor to obesity: the study Fleurbaix-Laventie women who have an education level lower than the CAP or BEP, after adjusting for other factors (number of children, activity physical, diet, smoking, alcohol) have a higher weight than women with a higher level of study. In Finland, the authors of the draft European MONICA found the same trend. According to the Nutrition Barometer 1996, CFES CERIN, we also observed that obesity is two to three times more common among people with low educational attainment. The time spent each day watching television is also higher among those with primary school education.

Ideal weight for obesity: early identification drifts

Obesity is defined by an excessive increase in body fat in proportion as it may harm the health of the individual. The concept of risk is part of the definition of obesity. The Body Mass Index or BMI assesses body fat and the importance of overweight. The BMI is simple to make: the ratio of weight (kg) on the square of height (in meters). As someone measuring 1.60 meters and weighing 65 kg has a BMI of 25 [65 / (1.6 x 1.6)]. Monitor BMI identifies early excesses of weight and early treatment:

- Between 19 and 25, normal weight.
- Between 25 and 30, there are overweight.
- From 30, we talk about obesity.
- Beyond 35, severe obesity.

Too many kilos … Less health

We rarely dare say that a person is fat and even less that is obese … We prefer to call a woman “a little high or coated, or a man” beefy “. This cautious language show that excess weight is primarily related to notions of aesthetics. Even if they vary at different times and civilizations, few women today would like to be compared to models of Rubens …

But excess weight, and a fortiori obesity represents a risk to the health of the individual. Obesity is responsible for cardiovascular complications, respiratory, osteoarticular because the extra kilos weary heart, makes breathing difficult, overwhelming the joints. Obesity is often associated with diabetes, gout, high blood pressure. Obesity is often linked to an increased number of work stoppages, the latest in disability and overall decreased quality of life. The psychological consequences of obesity, feelings of abnormality, social rejection and injustice of the system constraints are the cause of social isolation increased further by the social discrimination that raises obvious obesity.

Inform the obese to better treat obesity

Successful treatment of obesity is based on the active and motivated person. Grounds under strain it is necessary to know to analyze the failures and accompany the person in his care. Social, personal and family combine to dissuade him from his goal. Social factors are particularly represented by the constraints of working life, many people have lunch at their workplace, which does not facilitate a proper diet. However they should not settle for a sandwich or worse, skip lunch, thinking and promote weight loss faster.

Remember that 50% of obese eat too much but not necessarily evil. Family factors are also involved, since the establishment of a regime change and its follow family customs. In some families of obese, who decides to lose weight is a traitor to his face which clan, temptations to mockery, nothing will be spared. Finally, personal factors are equally important: the system must be lived as a penance to atone for the excesses of the past. Taking into account the personality of the subject is important to establish an effective regime thus personalized. On the other hand, dieting does not live in deprivation. It is always better to speak of food as recommended forbidden foods and preventing a dietary pattern should be followed for life not to resume the road to obesity …

The drugs against obesity: the pill that melts away the pounds is not yet available

Drug treatment of obesity is considered only when other measures failed. It is reserved for significant obesity, often complicated and high risk. These are the anorectics that cut hunger and particularly the desire for sweet foods. Orlistat, a prescription medicine available to physicians is a molecule that decreases the intestinal absorption of dietary fat intake. Fats and evacuated faeces can cause diarrhea greasy uncomfortable. Currently the cost of this treatment is about 600 GB per month not reimbursed by social security. In all cases, regular medical supervision and strict control is necessary for the effectiveness of treatment and the scheme and to monitor the safety of these drugs.

The story of genes for obesity

Obesity is a family heirloom at least in part. A child with a father or a mother obese at greater risk of becoming homeless. In the late 60s that the genetic nature of obesity has been demonstrated in mice. But not until 1994, we isolated the gene. If genetically obese mice, a single gene is responsible, in humans, however, a score of genes involved in obesity and so much remains undiscovered. In 1997, the discovery of a genetic defect blocking the production of leptin confirms the role of genetics in some human obesity. Leptin “satiety hormone” in informing our brain’s level of reserves of body fat induced a decrease in food intake.

Another hypothesis is being validated: that of receptors on the surface of fat cells. They are involved in the degradation of fats by the body’s needs. Some obese receptor unable to function and fat cells store fat without ever being able to release it.

Other genes are probably involved in controlling body weight which has not yet yielded all its secrets …

Invoice of obesity in the United States: 50 billion dollars per year

U.S. researchers have estimated that 50 billion dollars in health costs the cost of obesity and diseases related to it. Statistics from the study reveal that the average health expenditure is increased by 25% among overweight and 44% in the obese. The average annual number of days of hospitalization for obese is 74% higher than people of normal weight.

The economic cost of obesity in France was estimated at 2% of health spending in 1992 with one third attributable to hypertension. It is comparable to that of Australia and less than that of the Netherlands (4%) and USA (5-7%). This comparison must be qualified because of differences in health system according to the country.

The social cost of obesity, unemployment, disability pensions, sick … has not been evaluated.

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A vaginal gel against AIDS

Thursday, April 29th, 2010

Researchers at Tulane University (USA) led by Ronald Veazey have used a protein substance (T-1249) on monkeys in order to assess the impact on a vaginal infection.
This protection would protect the three variations of AIDS.

The mechanism appears to be the inhibition of receiving site of viruses from the surface of immune cells. This receptor is common with many variations of the virus.

According to the production cost of the freeze, it could be an effective method of protection against HIV infection of women during sex.

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The scam of self-medication

Thursday, April 29th, 2010

Pigeons, that is how you could call the targets of this lucrative market.

Our Minister of Health, Roselyne Bachelot has vowed in 2007 to promote self-medication. This is for patients to get directly to the pharmacy of drugs to treat common disorders and benign, without a doctor.

While the idea may seem consistent with some sides (avoid the phrase “mandatory” for doctors to obtain medications), the consequences and context of its implementation are not.

Solid die refunds: Numerous drugs are no longer supported, or less taken over the past 2 years. Officially, it’s for “medical service rendered inadequate”, and to alleviate the famous hole in Social Security. In a mercantile logic, this “insufficient medical service rendered” is translated automatically by a significant increase in the price for the patient. The prices of medicines “repaid” as determined and negotiated by the government and pharmaceutical companies. These prices become “free” once they are delisted.

Freedom has a price we are told … and it is also true for prescription drugs. “Today in France” in a survey published in late December that the finding. One pharmacy to another, there is the doubling of price for example for the Nurofen (against migraine) € 1.48 in the Paris region, to 2.90 € in Montpellier, or the tablets Rennie ( cons stomach pains) of 4.90 € in the Paris region to 9.55 € in Strasbourg.

The causes? An aggressive marketing campaign conducted smoothly. It is “Le Parisien” that explains, information from a frame (anonymized of course) high up in a pharmaceutical, “laboratories prefer to send their medical representatives to discuss prices directly with pharmacists. For, thanks to their technical sales, he embobinent! “.

We learn that the price increase is organized in areas less competitive. Pharmacies are classified and codified. The pharmacies listed as “A” are those in city centers, the more competitive, those of the suburbs are classified “B”, the campaigns for “C”. The price increases with the letter of the alphabet.

Well, good news will still, the Parisian informs us that France is trying to sell part of the 94 million vaccinations (but nobody wants it, character “moderate” this flu is now proven).

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HIV in pregnancy

Tuesday, April 27th, 2010

You can give birth if you have HIV. There is no danger that the HIV epidemic is transferred to the fetus during pregnancy or the child during delivery if you have a successful treatment. During and after pregnancy, you have regular contact with various specialists. They help you to give birth safely. Talk to your treating hivläkare if you have HIV and are thinking of becoming pregnant.

Today you can have children even if you or your partner has HIV. Thanks to increased knowledge and good medicine is the risk that the HIV epidemic is transferred to the fetus removed at the treatment worked. This is partly because anti-retroviral drugs, and other preventive measures.

No children born to women with known HIV infection have been infected at birth in Sweden since 1998.

To give birth safely requires hivbehandlingen working well and that HIV can not be detected in the blood before birth. It is therefore very important that all women with HIV who are pregnant receive a diagnosis early in pregnancy. For this reason, even pregnant women who have HIV do not offer to test themselves.

Pregnant women with known HIV infection has been regular contact with the midwife, infectious diseases physicians, gynecologists, pediatricians, social workers and nurses. Of course, the partner may be having. The meetings will discuss how specialists woman can get the best possible care and how to remove the risk of infection being passed to the child.
Symptoms of HIV

It is common that at the beginning did not notice that you have been infected by HIV. Often it takes many years before any signs appear. You can have different and varying symptoms, such as:

* febrile periods
* weight loss
* various skin rashes
* fungi in the mouth.

A few people have the infection, transient symptoms that vary.

The damage to the immune system usually develops slowly. After five to ten years of infection, the immune system can no longer protect the body against various bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites.

If a person has a known HIV infection is already in treatment when the immune system is weakened a bit. The treatment makes the immune deficiency never develop, therefore, appear no symptoms or diseases.

Many patients do not know about his HIV infection and seek care only when they are sick because of weakened immune system. But even when the treatment works well for most people.

The infection can easily be determined by a blood test, whether you feel sick or not.
Prevent HIV infection to child
Contagion

If you get the right elected hivbehandling in time is the risk that your child will become infected non-existent in Sweden.

However, there is a clear risk that the child can be infected through breastfeeding if the mother is untreated or have a poorly functioning treatment. For this reason, it is in Sweden under the Communicable Diseases Act is not permissible for an HIV positive mother to breast-feed.

A successful treatment is when there is detectable virus in their blood. The risk of HIV spreading further significant reduction in successful treatment. These people, however, according to the Communicable Diseases Act is still seen as potentially infectious. Couples where one partner is HIV-positive may be, from a legal perspective, not to have unprotected sexual intercourse for the woman to become pregnant.

At the HIV Center Karolinska University Hospital, pairs, where the man is HIV-positive and the woman is not, get help with so-called sperm washing. When one sperm washing hiv washed away from the seminal fluid and then there is no risk of infection. The woman can then undergo fertilization experiments.
Vaccination

There is no vaccine against the disease. Some vaccines are also not in sight.
Find Care

If you suspect that you have HIV infection, it is very important that you test yourself, both for your sake and for the future child’s sake. If you are pregnant, it is easiest to test you in connection with a visit to antenatal care. You can also contact the nearest health center or six-and coexistence reception.

You are currently testing the right to remain anonymous, that is to say that you do not have to reveal your identity. No signal can refuse to test you and you do not need to justify why you want to test you.

If you are HIV positive and planning to become pregnant, contact your treating hivläkare. If you are receiving HIV treatment may need to be changed because some of the medicines are not good for the fetus during pregnancy. You should also contact hivkunnig gynecologist and midwife for more information.

The address and phone number of a kind reception you can find by clicking on Find Health Care on top of the page. You can also contact some receptions and order a time via the Internet. Click on My care contacts on the right.
Study of HIV

HIV is detected by an HIV test, which is a blood test. All pregnant women are offered an HIV test in antenatal care. Already have a doctor look him or her that you get the care you need.
Treatment of HIV during pregnancy

If you are HIV-infected and do not get good treatment there is some risk that the virus is transferred from you to the baby during pregnancy. Risk of infection is greatest at birth. If your treatment is effective both risks taken away. He previously also recommended elective caesarean section.
Pharmaceuticals

Your immune system will be tested to see how it is affected by HIV infection.

Is your immune system weakened, you are treated with drugs for HIV throughout pregnancy. If your immune system is not very weakened, you will be treated with medicine for over half of pregnancy. The treatment is then to remove the risk of HIV transmission to their babies.
Support and advice

It is important that you feel you have ambient assistance throughout pregnancy. Your midwife, nurse and your doctor is there for you. Tell us what you need so they can provide the right support. For example you can talk to a counselor.
After delivery

If your immune system is weakened, your hivbehandling continue after pregnancy and childbirth.

The child treated with hivläkemedel about six weeks after birth. After birth, samples are taken to see if the child became HIV-infected, or not. The same samples are taken several times, especially during the first half, until we know that there are no viruses in the child’s blood.

Even when tests do not show any virus, the antibodies transferred from mother to child have disappeared from the child’s blood before they can explain it completely fresh. It takes about eighteen months before the mother hivantikroppar disappeared from the child’s blood.
Advice for relatives

If you are a family may need assistance. You have the opportunity to get this through contacts with health care and the staff responsible for your dependents. You can also get assistance from an aid organization. They can give you information and help you make contact with others in a similar situation.

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Hiv/aids and it’s Symptoms,prevention,Treatment

Tuesday, April 27th, 2010

HIV damages the immune system. Early signs can include fever, sore throat, swollen lymph nodes, ulceration of the mucous membranes and skin rash. For most it will take several years before the disease shows. The virus does not infect the hugs, kisses and the usual social contacts. Condoms are very safe for protection during sex. Search care if you think HIV / AIDS.

HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. It is a virus that harms the body’s immune system.

HIV is spread in an ongoing worldwide epidemic. Situation is most serious in many developing countries, but also developed countries are affected. In the current situation greatly increases the spread in Eastern Europe, Russia and central Asia.

The disease is fatal if not treated.

HIV infection does not heal spontaneously without the infected person carries the virus for life. An HIV-infected individual’s infectivity decreases if the treatment is very successful.
Symptoms of HIV

It is common that at the beginning did not notice that you have been infected by HIV. Usually it takes many years before any signs appear. You can have different and varying symptoms, such as:

* periods of fever
* weight loss
* various skin rashes
* fungi in the mouth.

A few people have the infection, transient symptoms that vary.

The damage to the immune system usually develops slowly. After five to ten years of infection, the immune system can no longer protect the body against various bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites. If a person has an HIV infection is already in treatment when the immune system is weakened a bit. The treatment makes the immune deficiency never develop, therefore, incurred no symptoms or diseases.

Today, more than half of patients diagnosed with HIV in Sweden is already greatly weakened immune system. This means that they have an increased risk for severe symptoms and a higher risk of dying. Most of these patients has led to the infection for many years.

The infection can easily be determined by a blood test, whether you feel sick or not.
HIV prevention

You protect yourself from HIV by avoiding contact with the virus through blood, semen and vaginal secretions. Condom during intercourse is a very good protection against HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases. To have “safe sex” is also a good way to protect themselves.

There is no vaccine against the disease. Some vaccines are also not in sight.

Blood donors are tested for HIV. It does not spread the infection through blood transfusion.

Pregnant women offered HIV test. If a pregnant woman found to have HIV to prevent infection by the child that the woman may hivbehandling, the birth is by caesarean section and that the child may hivläkemedel after birth. See also the link HIV in pregnant women.

People who put on the wound, or otherwise may come into contact with blood, to use plastic gloves or equivalent. If blood, semen, vaginal secretions or other body fluids from an HIV-positive person comes to skin wounds, mucous membranes or eyes that will be washed or rinsed off as soon as possible. Hivkunnig doctor should be contacted immediately. The doctor will then decide whether hivläkemedel will be provided, so-called postexpositions prophylaxis.
Contagion

Virus is transmitted mostly through sexual intercourse and through blood. It may, for example by blood transfusion, needle stick injuries when or if several people use the same syringe.

An HIV-positive woman can infect her baby during childbirth and breastfeeding if she is not successfully treated.

A successful treatment is when there is detectable virus in their blood. The risk of HIV spreading further significant reduction in successful treatment. These people, however, according to the Communicable Diseases Act is still seen as potentially infectious.

The virus does not infect the social interactions and HIV-infected persons need not be afraid to infect friends, relatives or children in their surroundings.
Find Care

If you suspect that you have HIV infection, it is very important to make a blood test. You can do this free of charge at various clinics:

* health center
* infectious disease clinic at Karolinska University Hospital
* clinic
* hospital sex and cohabitation Entertainment (SESAME)
* skin and venmottagning
* RFSU reception
* Venhälsan at Söder Hospital.

The address and telephone number of a kind reception you will find the links or Find Health Care. You can also contact some receptions and order a time via e-Care Guide Service My health care contacts.

You are currently testing the right to remain anonymous, that is, you do not have to reveal your identity. The answer comes in about a week after sampling. No signal can refuse to test you and you do not need to explain why you want to test you.

To get a definite answer on the blood test should have been three months of the suspected infection. It is for that HIV infection sometimes can not be seen in the blood until three months after infection, although infection can be seen in the vast majority of two to three weeks.

At some clinics, such as Sesame, Venhälsan and infection clinic at Karolinska University Hospital, can test themselves with the quick reply. It means that the test result is usually ready after an hour. But it must still be passed three months after infection before HIV can be excluded with certainty.
Treatment of HIV
Pharmaceuticals

There is currently no treatment that cures the infection and remove the virus from the body. However, there are effective drugs that reduce the amount of virus and slow down the disease. They are called anti-retroviral drugs. Most of time reading to the immune system recovers completely. Most people who get treatment may continue with their work and lead a normal life.

It now feels that the medication against HIV must be life long.

Earlier gave retroviral drugs side effects. Today, side effects are largely reduced. The treatment has also become easier, many need only take one or a few tablets. The medication must be managed carefully to avoid the virus to become resistant to medicines.

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Akne and its Symptoms,Treatment

Tuesday, April 27th, 2010

Acne is a common name for pimples, blackheads and pimple. A pimple is formed when a talgkörtelmynning blocked and an inflammation occurred. The rash is inflamed, raised and painful but rarely leaves scars. Do not wash your face too often and avoid fatty creams and oils. Contact family doctor for persistent or major problems, particularly if you get it as an adult.

Acne is common in adolescence when the sebaceous glands increase their production of sebum. Tallow needed to keep skin smooth and resilient. Gland-rich production of sebum can cause the glands to the skin the time blocking. Bacteria, which are always found on the skin, can cause inflammation and pimples occur.

Acne exist in many forms and has nothing to do with poor hygiene. The black or white dot you sometimes see are sebaceous glands and congestion of the mouth is called blackhead.

There is no scientifically proven link between the worsening of acne and different foods. But if you find that certain foods increase acne so you can avoid it. Genes can, however, have some significance. Some medications can cause acne or acne-like rash.
Symptoms

Acne The rash looks like a small superficial PUSTULE, or a little deeper and painful plit, a pimple. Sometimes you’re better red raised rash which seams. Usually seated acne on the face, but sometimes the chest or back. The cure for most things without leaving scars.

A more severe form of acne called acne nodulocystisk. It provides large and painful fluid-filled bumps or blisters, cysts, skin. The rash may swell and ache. This form of acne often leaves scars left when it heals.
Self-care

Avoid fatty creams and oils in the face because they can clog the sebaceous glands. Wash at up to twice a day with mild soap. Specialty Soaps are not necessary.

You should never squeeze or self-stick in the inflamed acne rash or boils. Then spread the inflammation and leave scars.

Make-up itself is not acne, but skin can become irritated by certain substances. Therefore it makes sense to be careful with creams. There is wide framework for oily and pimply skin that can be used to hide the rash. Ask at the pharmacy.

Read more in reading further down in the article.

Find Care

If you have a lot of acne, talk to your GP:

  • If after six to eight weeks of self-care with OTC drugs do not see any improvement.
  • if you get a lot PUSTULOUS or large painful nodules and permanent scars.
  • if you as an adult acne-like rash may be extended further.

Take the first contact with a specialist in general / family doctor or school physician. Sometimes a referral to a dermatologist may be appropriate.

If you have many scars from acne can be a plastic surgeon polish the skin. It made no earlier than one year after the acne is gone, because the skin is sensitive then. Your doctor may write a referral for a plastic surgeon.

The address and telephone number of a kind reception, go to Find Health Care. You can also contact some receptions and order a time via the Internet. Click on My care contacts.

Treatment

Pharmaceuticals

Do you have mild or moderate acne, you can treat yourself with the resources available without prescription at the pharmacy. The product is rubbed into the whole area has acne, for example, the entire face, and not only on the inflamed rash. Watch his eyes.

It is important to use the funds on a regular basis and do not stop using them too early. Only after several weeks usually see an improvement.

There are also prescription drugs.

Sometimes you may want to combine different products for acne. Talk to a doctor before starting combination therapies.

Read more about recommended products by clicking on the link top right.

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Depression

Tuesday, April 27th, 2010

Depression differ from occasional sadness (“bit down” or “depressed”). Being depressed is usually temporary, it is a natural and understandable reaction usually in different life situations. It is only when the unit becomes more deeply depressed and persistent, and occur daily over at least two weeks, as there may be a depression.

A depression can occur without any clear cause. But it can also be triggered by various external events, such as prolonged physical pain, family problems, grief or other pressures. Both biological factors and difficult experiences earlier in life can increase vulnerability and increased risk of depression in adulthood. Frequently interacts and contributes many factors to depression.

A depression can also be an early sign of a physical illness, such as dementia, Cardiovascular disease or lack of thyroid hormone.

Depression can lead to disability and to do it, for example, becomes difficult to cope with a job.

Around ten percent of the population is estimated to have had a depression in recent years. Women are affected more often than men. If you have had a depression, the risk of re-developing the disease approximately 50 percent.

Here at Vårdguiden.se you can read more about:

depression in young

depression in elderly

depression associated with childbirth

seasonal affective disorder

Symptoms of depression A depression can be of varying difficulty and give varying, sometimes very severe, symptoms. If you have a depression, it is common that you:

feel depressed. Nothing feels particularly meaningful or funny anymore. Sometimes you feel hopeless and that you will never be able to be happy again.

may be difficult to take up and deal with things.

may be impaired memory, and hard to concentrate.

get restless.

feel Anxiety and is easily irritated.

feel worthless and have severe feeling of guilt.

loss of appetite and may possibly go down in weight.

is very tired, even though you are sleeping.

have sleeping problems, for example, that you wake up early with anxiety and worry.

You can also have physical signs of anxiety and depressive disorders, for example:

shortness of breath

palpitations

For example, pain in muscles.

A deep depression can lead to recurrent thoughts about having an incurable disease or are about to suffer an economic crisis. These tanks are almost always exaggerated, sometimes even completely erroneous. It is difficult and sometimes nearly impossible for the depressed person to understand this, even though family and friends often declare the contrary.

That often think about death and have suicidal thoughts is part of the clinical picture at a deeper depression. In more severe cases may lead to suicide attempts and suicide.

At bipolar disorder occurring episodes of depression, interspersed with periods of elevated mood. Bipolar disorder is also known as manic depression.

Prevent Depression If you have been depressed, you can reduce the risk of recidivism through counseling or medication. Knowledge about the disease also increases your ability to manage it.

If you learn to recognize “warning signs” you can reduce the risk of getting sick again by doing the things that makes you feel good. It can for example be to meet with family and friends or to exercise regularly. Although it receives so it is very important that you do not drag yourself away and become passive. It increases the risk of suffering from depression again.

Find Care Please contact your GP if you suspect that you have had a depression. In order to avoid the depression becomes worse, it is good to seek help early. If the depression becomes deeper and you get suicidal thoughts, it is very important that you seek help immediately. Then please contact as soon as your GPand a psychiatric outpatient.

The address and telephone number of a kind of reception can be found under Find Health Care. You can also contact some receptions and order a time via the Internet. Click on the link My care contacts.

Treatment of Depression The doctor makes a diagnosis based on your symptoms and your symptoms. What you get for treatment partly depends on how deep your depression is.

Often so-called rating scales to see how your treatment is working. The rating scale or type in your doctor how you feel, then you can see how the treatment goes over time. There are two types of rating scales, one for your doctor and one for you. These can be used together or individually.

Mild to moderate depression treated with Psychotherapy. Among other things, cognitive psychotherapy and Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) have shown good results.

You can treat CBT via the Internet. You will then see a doctor for assessment and treatment you have contact with a psychologist on the Internet.

Other psychological treatments, such as interpersonal therapy and mindfulness, Have scientific support for their effects.

Is depression depth may ECT treatment be most effective and quickest means. ECT is an abbreviation for electroconvulsive therapy. It is also known as electroconvulsive therapy.

Pharmaceuticals

A moderate or severe depression treated with drugs. Drug treatment is often combined with psychotherapy. Learn more about recommended drugs for depression.

Advice for relatives It is important to support from family and friends. If you have a relative who is depressed, you can provide support by being present, listen and show understanding. You may also can help with practical things in everyday life, like cooking or washing.

But as a relative maybe you need support. There you can get from a support organization, such as Association of Balance. Aid organizations can give you information and help you make contact with others in a similar situation. If your relative already has contact with health care, you can also get support from the staff responsible for your relative’s care.

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Olive oil to prevent breast cancer

Tuesday, April 27th, 2010

Breast cancer affects between 20% and 25% of Spanish women. But thanks to medical advances and public awareness about the importance of early diagnosis, Spain is one of the European countries with a lower incidence of breast cancer. One of the cornerstones of research in this field is prevention. An initiative that brings together biologists, oncologists and the Inter-Organization of Spanish Olive Oil combines efforts and has launched a project of clinical trials on the effect of virgin olive oil in the prevention of this cancer. It tries to demonstrate, within five years, that a moderate intake of olive oil can slow the progression of the tumor.

Preventing food

The action of mechanisms that counteract the harmful role of fat would be key to confirm that olive oil is an ideal food for the prevention and the fight against breast cancer. From previous research, the Multidisciplinary Group for the Study of Breast Cancer (GMECM) analyze the influence of normal components of human nutrition in cancer progression and make scientific views regarding the health of the population or the risk of this disease. In addition, it will detect the molecular changes that repeated use olive oil results in the human genome and, in particular genes involved in breast cancer. The researchers caution that excessive consumption of seed oil extracted can be harmful, but tests conducted in vitro and experimental studies with human cell lines to confirm all these points.
The HER2
As a precedent to this impulse in the investigation of olive oil, a study of the Catalan Institute of Oncology (ICO) envisioned two years ago that between 20% and 30% of breast cancers that express HER2 molecule are sensitive to effect of this type of oil. The work, led by Javier A. Menendez, speculated on the possibility that the Mediterranean diet, rich in olive oil, reduced the risk of breast cancer. Menendez theory, then much discussed, was that the active compounds of olive oil only affect certain types of tumors.

It is known that one of the drugs tested against breast cancer, Herceptin, HER2 acts on the molecules of tumor cells, which are responsible for cell growth. ICO researchers thought then that olive oil may also act on this molecule. After isolating several compounds olive oil extra virgin found two types that inactivate HER2 in tumor cells. This oil, being pressed without heat, it keeps most of the compounds from olives that are lost in the olive oil processing.

The researchers confirmed that in animals with carcinoma tumors became less evil by eating large amounts of extra virgin olive oil. However, Menendez says that “this does not mean that the intake of extra virgin olive oil prevents or treatment of breast cancer as those compounds, when ingested, do not always act the same way.”

Preventing food-

The action of mechanisms that counteract the harmful role of fat would be key to confirm that olive oil is an ideal food for the prevention and the fight against breast cancer. From previous research, the Multidisciplinary Group for the Study of Breast Cancer (GMECM) analyze the influence of normal components of human nutrition in cancer progression and make scientific views regarding the health of the population or the risk of this disease. In addition, it will detect the molecular changes that repeated use olive oil results in the human genome and, in particular genes involved in breast cancer. The researchers caution that excessive consumption of seed oil extracted can be harmful, but tests conducted in vitro and experimental studies with human cell lines to confirm all these points.

The HER2

As a precedent to this impulse in the investigation of olive oil, a study of the Catalan Institute of Oncology (ICO) envisioned two years ago that between 20% and 30% of breast cancers that express HER2 molecule are sensitive to effect of this type of oil. The work, led by Javier A. Menendez, speculated on the possibility that the Mediterranean diet, rich in olive oil, reduced the risk of breast cancer. Menendez theory, then much discussed, was that the active compounds of olive oil only affect certain types of tumors.

A Mediterranean diet has significant protective effects against cancer, heart disease and aging

It is known that one of the drugs tested against breast cancer, Herceptin, HER2 acts on the molecules of tumor cells, which are responsible for cell growth. ICO researchers thought then that olive oil may also act on this molecule. After isolating several compounds olive oil extra virgin found two types that inactivate HER2 in tumor cells. This oil, being pressed without heat, it keeps most of the compounds from olives that are lost in the olive oil processing.

The researchers confirmed that in animals with carcinoma tumors became less evil by eating large amounts of extra virgin olive oil. However, Menendez says that “this does not mean that the intake of extra virgin olive oil prevents or treatment of breast cancer as those compounds, when ingested, do not always act the same way.”
Increases survival rate
Although the survival rate of sick people has increased in recent years, breast cancer is the most common tumor among Spanish women. Latest figures show that in our country some 16,000 cases are diagnosed annually, representing 24.6% of all tumors that afflict women. It is the leading cause of death and the most common malignant tumor in the world after lung cancer. Most of these cases are diagnosed mainly between 45 and 65.

Nevertheless, the number of cases is slowly increasing thanks to the progressive aging population and early diagnosis, While the success of treatments has allowed the number of deaths from this cause falls.

BACKGROUND oleic acid

Scientists in Chicago (USA) were the first to propose that a Mediterranean diet rich in olive oil could reduce the risk of breast cancer. The key ingredient of olive oil, the oleic acidAppeared as the main suspect. Laboratory experiments on breast cancer cells made at the Northwestern University allowed these researchers show that oleic acid does reduce dramatically the levels of a gene linked to the disease.

In the journal “Annals of Oncology” stated that the study carried out was interesting, but cautioned that more research needed. Scientists in Chicago have confirmed that oleic acid reduces the levels of Her-2/neu gene, present in more than a fifth of patients with breast cancer and is associated with highly aggressive tumors. But not only did oleic acid suppress activity of the gene, but also boosted the effectiveness of a new drug used against breast cancer (Herceptin).

From the ICO, Javier A. Menendez tried these studies in key positive “findings underpin epidemiological studies that show that the Mediterranean diet has significant protective effects against cancer as well against coronary disease and aging. “However, Tim Key, deputy director of the epidemiology unit of Cancer Research UK (Oxford, UK), maintained that the only risk factors established for this cancer are obesity and alcohol, and the data showed no direct evidence that olive oil reduces the risk of breast cancer.

Following the results of the work of Menendez, Key said: “This new study shows interesting effects of olive oil on cancer cells under laboratory conditions, but calls for more studies to prove” if it is of some importance in cancer breast cancer in particular. ” The newly created GMECM intends to reveal these unknowns.

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Relationship between cancer and genetic disorders

Tuesday, April 27th, 2010

Cancer is a disease with wide molecular basis, since tumor cells are characterized by numerous structural and functional changes with respect to normal cells. These variations are not necessarily the same for each tissue and tumor. Although most cancer processes follow a common pattern, there are particular genes associated with various tumors, some very frequent in the Spanish population, which give the wearer a small risk of developing cancer, diabetes or cardiovascular disease. All these characteristics make cancer a genetic study of complex and expensive process, but knowing these genes would help in the development of prevention programs and better treatment strategies and early diagnosis with a simple blood test.
Different tumors with similar genetic characteristics

Different tumors in different tissues and patients of different ages stand out repetitive patterns of genes in common. In DNA there are multiple copies of each gene, some of them only have two copies while many others have a large number scattered throughout the genome. The number of copies is one of the factors that determines the rate of synthesis of the proteins they encode. Thus, changes in the number of copies will affect the concentration of protein in the cell and thus modulate its function.

A major study conducted by scientists from USA, Japan, Canada and Spain has shown that various tumor types share very similar genetic characteristics. The work has been published in the journal “Nature” and it has involved scientists at the Hospital Vall d’Hebron and the Institut d’Oncologia Vall d’Hebron, Barcelona. For the investigation we have analyzed more than 3,000 tumor samples from 26 types of cancer. As explained by Josep Tabernero, an oncologist at the hospital, “we analyzed copies of the genes of somatic cells (which form the growth of tissues and organs of a living being, from embryonic stem cells) tumor and were compared with germ cells ( containing genetic material) from the same patient. ”

Abnormalities were detected in the number of regions in tumor cells, either due to lack or excess. The most interesting discovery is that the change in the number of copies is found in several tumors of different cancers to assume 75% of the changes common to all tumors and only 25% of tumor-specific alterations. In the study, 122 were also found new genomic regions likely to have a relationship with the tumoral process. However, the authors claim that only 25% know of the possible genes involved in cancer and still more research is needed.

The director of the Institut d’Oncologia Vall d’Hebron, Josep Baselga, in this respect that, “the end of the day, cancer is a disease of the genome. It breaks down and ends up developing a tumor.”

In the DNA is stored almost all the hereditary information of the organism, related to structural and functional characteristics, so that if you analyze and compare the genome of different cells, healthy and tumor, there are some common areas and other different between them. This allows determination of common genetic characteristics in tumor cells, not present in healthy cells, which help to identify common patterns related to the tumor process.
Genetic markers for breast and colon

The number of repetitions of specific regions in the genome is not the only implication of genetics in cancer, because there are specific genes associated with various tumors. One such group is known as low-penetrance genes that are common in the population and give the wearer a small risk of developing a certain disease. Not only are related to cancer disease, but can also facilitate the development of other diseases such as diabetes or cardiovascular problems. However, it is a necessary interaction of more than one risk to be considered for a particular disease.

In relation to breast cancer, seven were known far penetrance genes. However, a recent study conducted by the International Consortium of Breast Cancer (BCAC) has unveiled two new genes involved. The BCAC is an international consortium involving 27 research groups for breast cancer. Among them, three Spanish organizations: the National Cancer Centre (CNIO), Hospital Universitario La Paz Hospital in Madrid and Oviedo Monte Naranco.

The study, published in the journal “Nature Genetics”, it concludes that these two new genes and are nine penetrance genes are associated with breast cancer. As the number of genes discovered, can be designed better therapies and diagnostic for prevention. It is estimated that they participate in a 6% in the genetic component of this tumor.

Similarly, another study by Spanish researchers, in collaboration with other countries, reveals new genetic markers that increase the risk of developing colon cancer. These new markers can be helpful in determining the risk of developing the disease in people with colon cancer runs in your family. José Augusto García Agundez, Professor of Pharmacology at the University of Extremadura and collaborator in the study, explains that the new genetic markers “allow the realization of early diagnosis of the disease in a routine and massive, with a simple blood test .

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