Archive for December, 2010


Thursday, December 16th, 2010

Mosquito bite takes place once you have been stung by a mosquito as well as the system reacts to the mosquito’s saliva. It might sting and itch, nonetheless it wont change over quickly and is generally harmless.

Whenever you get stung by a mosquito injects saliva into it even though the puncture website. It tends to make the blood does not solidify and therefore have time to soak mosquito clear. The system reacts towards the overseas substance from the saliva plus a mosquito bite takes place. Within the mosquito’s saliva are also substances that make the bite itch.

Many people react a lot more strongly than other individuals. Why you don’t know actually. Mosquitoes also seem to choose particular folks over other folks. It depends on the odors we excrete.

Mosquitoes can spread diseases. In significant components with the entire world is the mosquito-borne diseases like as malaria, a major difficulty. In Sweden, tularemia and Ockelbo disease spread in this way, but these diseases are fairly uncommon. Some many years breaks out more compact, regional epidemics.

Signs of mosquito bites

Puncture website on the pores and skin becomes red and swollen. Typically it itches as well. Every person reacts differently. Some may be significant itchy mosquito bite, other individuals could be barely visible bites. Most bites will disappear in a very few days. Bett around eyes or mouth are no more dangerous than the bite on other parts of the system.

Preventing mosquito bites

Should you know you will be staying inside a spot with a good deal of mosquitoes, it is possible to in advance to prevent itching and swelling by taking common allergy medicine with antihistamines. Antihistamines are undertaking to your entire body doesn’t react as strongly for the bites.

Wear vibrant clothing also. Mosquitoes are attracted to dark colors.

Mosquito repellent that you could eliminate the skin at the pharmacy. Mosquito repellent incorporates substances that affect mosquitoes sense of scent. They may not know your smell. This means that they do not discover you and as a substitute seek out a brand new alternative.

Self-care for mosquito bites

When you have previously received a mosquito bite, it is possible to relieve this discomfort by cooling down the bite of cold water, an ice cube wrapped in cloth, or alsolsprit kylbalsam. To delete a weak hydrocortisone ointment to the mosquito bite may also perform well.

Make an effort to prevent scratching as considerably from the bite. It can worsen the itching along with the pores and skin is broken can bite turn into infected. Should you don’t scratch the bite heals it’s also quicker.

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Coma (unconsciousness)

Wednesday, December 15th, 2010

Coma implies that an individual is unconscious and that it’s not feasible to make contact with her or him. Instantly call 112 to inform paramedics. If not breathing, check airway and think about giving mouth-to-mouth breathing. If the person has no pulse, start with cardio-pulmonary resuscitation. Even though you’re awaiting an ambulance, you should loosen tight clothing, lay man or woman in a very stable facet place if you’re not suspect back injuries and set a blanket more than the man or woman.
Location the casualty in a very secure facet place Illustrator: Anna Ödhlund

Coma is really a critical issue and indicate disorder or injury. An individual who loses consciousness will need quick health-related care . Coma differs from fainting , once the person wakes up by itself following a minute.

Coma may arise for a number of factors. It could be because of:

  • disorder such as diabetes, epilepsy, cerebral infarction, meningitis or brain tumor
  • bleeding in the head because of injuries or accidents
  • poisoning
  • disturbed heart rhythm
  • problems breathing
  • significantdisordersfrom the body’s salt stabilityfrom the liver or kidneys usually are notoperatingeffectively.

When fainting
man or woman loses consciousness briefly.

Call Ambulance
instantly in coma

Right away call ambulance to inform paramedics if a person is unconscious. When you wait for the ambulance, examine breathing and pulse. Add the man or woman in secure aspect position (see photo) if the particular person breathes and includes a pulse and if you are not suspect again injury. Steady facet placement tends to enhance breathing. Loosen the unconscious person’s clothes.

Examine breathing and pulse

If not breathing, give mouth-to-mouth breathing , along with the individual has no pulse, give cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Mouth-to-mouth breathing and CPR differs in between adults and young children .

There is a substantial threat of airway obstruction in an unconscious man or woman. It could be that the tongue slips again into the throat or the individual has food or other items that caught in my throat. Proof of this is a snoring breathing or no breathing sound in any respect, or bluish lips. Just a few minutes with out oxygen can harm the mind. It is for that reason essential that you simply give synthetic respiration quickly.

If the airway is blocked to the tongue falling backward, try and convey the person’s lower jaw to open. Grasp the reduce jaw entrance teeth and pull the jaw ahead.

If a person place something in my throat and unable to breathe around the ground, you need to right away try to recover the object. First you, the particular person is leaning forward, delivering as much as 5 blows from open hand among the shoulder blades. Correct right after you make repeated stomach strain. Stand behind the man or woman and set her arms around their body. Press the inwards and upwards. Will not likely the object up, proceed alternating with ryggdunk and belly strain until it arrives up or until finally you get help.

Secure aspect position

Loosen the clothes which can be also tight. Put the man or woman to the facet of your upper leg bent and positioned in front kroppet. Wrap a blanket or clothing when breathing is standard.

In the event you suspect that the particular person injured his back again, tend not to place him in a very steady aspect placement. If the posture had to be altered, like the particular person begins to vomit, so attempt to do it devoid of twisting or bending your again. Never ever leave the particular person unconscious with out supervision.

Steady side placement was previously named the recovery position. See pictures under the hyperlink Secure facet position.

Healthcare remedy

If a person becomes unconscious, quickly dial 112 and ask for an ambulance.

Study in coma

The required examinations and tests to seek out the purpose why somebody becomes unconscious. They happen mostly in hospitals. There may be a single to examine the pupils, measuring coronary heart fee, blood pressure, blood exams and ECG . ECG stands for electrocardiogram. It’s a measuring method that measures the electrical activity of the heart.

In some instances essential brain imaging or cerebrospinal fluid samples.

Therapy for coma

The airways are kept distinct and, if required, the unconscious assist with breathing by a respirator. It also specials with disorders from the circulatory and cardiovascular activity.

Other treatment method offered is dependent upon the cause of unconsciousness.

The treatments are offered both in the ambulance as well as the hospital.

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Animal Chunk

Tuesday, December 14th, 2010

To be bitten by dogs, cats or other pets might be hazardous if the chunk is so deep that it bleeds. Make contact with your health practitioner if the bite is deep or swollen, tender and red, and if you have been deeply bitten around the arms or should you think you lack protection against tetanus.

An animal chunk is deep can cause critical and difficult to treat infections as a result of bacteria in the animal’s mouth. Although asked the man can cause serious infections.


Be sure you’ve simple protection towards tetanus. Standard safety is in thirty years. All children born in Sweden are provided these safety from the vaccination system. Seek advice from a nurse on the nearest health-related facility. Study the write-up Vaccination of kids.

Clap no dogs and cats in the world due to chance of rabies.

Self-care of animal

A superficial bite that doesn’t bleed substantially heal primarily by himself. Stick to these measures:

Wash your palms.
Wash the wound with soap and
Set possibly in a very bandage. Stay away from tight connections, an air compressor is greatest.

Professional medical treatment for animal bites

Make contact with GP or next närakut if:

the chunk is deep
bite is swollen, tender and red
you’ve got been deeply bitten on the palms or near a stage
assume you lack protection against tetanus.

If you get bitten by an animal abroad, it’s crucial which you urgently speak to the physician.

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Ear infections – Otitis

Wednesday, December 8th, 2010

Ear infection is an acute purulent irritation from the center ear. It starts suddenly and typically go around that couple of days. Ear infections are commonest in children, but adults also can suffer. Search care about you or your kid have ear discomfort for longer than three days, the ear drains or on general problem deteriorates sharply.

Ear infections are most common through the winter months. Prevalent Cold Virus makes it more difficult for that mucous membranes with the nose and ears to defend on their own in opposition to bacteria. The real ear inflammation isn’t contagious, but chilly viruses or bacteria infect.

Acute otitis media is the second commonest chilly could be the commonest infection in children. In adults, alternatively, quite unusual. Ahead of the start of college has just around three from four children have actually had acute otitis media.

A typical acute ear infection that heals usually offers no hearing impairment. Study also Aftercare on the bottom with the write-up.

Auditory canal

Auditory canal irritation, otitis externa, occurring both in children and adults, but not inside the youngest children. It’s most frequent throughout the season. The one indicator might be pain inside the ear. It hurts once you press the small skin tags, Tragus, outside the ear canal. Sometimes it’s also fluid from the ear.


Öronkatarr can be a type of otitis media. Then there’s center ear fluid is just not pus. In most cases öronkatarr by alone. Mone if the symptoms return, attempt to strain equalization. For some it truly is adequate to chew and swallow, or push the reduced jaw, or swallow while you pinch the nose. Yet another way is always to hold tight to the nose along with your fingers although trying to blow out that when you blow your nose.

In the event you or your child has symptoms of öronkatarr for a number of months, with signs or symptoms that cover the ear, hearing loss, or frequent infections, you should speak to the wellbeing center. It is possible to then get a referral towards the ear specialist if required.

Signs or symptoms of otitis media

A typical indication of acute otitis media is it hurts my ear. Frequently with fever, listening to loss, head for ear and nasal congestion. The eardrum is red and thick and it was shaped from the middle ear.

Often burst eardrum to ensure the pus drains into the ear canal. Then it ends will generally damage. The sickness also takes place with out discomfort.


Children with otitis media with out pain may have poor urge for food and generally irritated.

The child features a sore ear may have brings about other than otitis media, including an ordinary chilly.
Avoiding ear infections


It truly is challenging to completely shield their children against otitis media, but you can find some ways to reduce danger:

breastfeeding has a protecting effect against otitis media in infants
shouldn’t be uncovered to smoky environments
it really is good for children in kindergarten are outdoor a great deal
Increase the head finish in the mattress from the typical chilly signs.


In adults, the most ear infections far more instantly than in children. It can also feel far more intensive.

It’s possible to alleviate signs and symptoms. It is good to raise the top conclude with the mattress really – your head needs to be higher up than the heart. It reduces swelling inside the nose and ear. Nose drops or nasal spray also reduces nasal congestion.

In ache are common non-prescription painkillers excellent.


Practically all ear infections are treated in the wellbeing middle.

At high fever, extreme effects in the infection, or if it pours liquid out of your ear is becoming deemed to offer with antibiotics. Plain penicillin normally aids.
symptoms persist right after two to 3 days, make contact with your medical doctor.


For children aged 1 to 12 many years with evidence of otitis media is advisable to wait two to 3 days and just alleviate symptoms by offering pain drugs and, perhaps, nose drops or nasal spray. Ear infections will heal in most cases by itself inside a number of days without antibiotics.
below two a long time with confirmed sided otitis media handled with antibiotics although there has been two to a few days. Even children who have runny ear infection, that is, when it punctured eardrum, is treated with antibiotics no matter age.
a child has 3 or a lot more acute otitis media in the course of the 6 months it may be proper with an investigation of a ear specialist. Family health practitioner can write a referral.

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Retinal detachment

Wednesday, December 1st, 2010

Retinal detachment indicates that parts in the retina becomes indifferent through the eye wall. If retinal detachment is treated early, probabilities for therapeutic excellent. Get in touch with acute eye or eye physician instantly in the event you have flashes of light, “sotflagor”, darkish trails or shadows within your vision.
Retinal detachment Illustration: Swedish
Agency Graphics Enlarge image

Retinal detachment is a relatively uncommon illness. It occurs most typically in middle age and affects women as frequently as women. In this age decreases the eye’s vitreous body together, which occasionally results in a hole within the retina.

By way of gap flowing fluid out and lift the retina from its bed in the eye’s interior wall. Membrane comes off progressively. The retina will be the visual cells that mediate synimpulser to the mind. They get their vitamins through the underlying pores and skin. If contact is misplaced with this dying cells. This means that the components from the retina detachment is no longer purposeful.

We need to swiftly get remedy, within several weeks, the entire retina have turn out to be indifferent and also the eye becomes blind.

Retinal detachment handled early have very great prospects to heal. For more than ninety % of cases heal the eye so that vision could be preserved.

Very nearsighted individuals are at greater risk of retinal detachment. A nearsighted eye is increasing in dimension. The retina stretched out and grow to be thinner and much more fragile. Despite the fact that effective blows straight in opposition to the eye can cause retinal detachment.
Signs of retinal detachment

For numerous, beginning with retinal detachment that you see lightning and sotflagor that moves in front of the eye. Sotflagorna adopted by a shadow that draws from your edge from the visible discipline toward the middle.

When the shadow reaches the center, it can be not to read and look sharp. It can take hrs or days. Visual impairment becomes extreme and comes only in 1 eye.

Should you see symptoms like flashes of gentle or darkish sotflagor loops may possibly be indicators that a gap shaped in the retina. The risk of retinal detachment is then excellent. Test your eyes immediately. The sooner that you are handled, the much less threat that the vision is severely affected.

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