Archive for the ‘Diseases and Advice’ Category


Thursday, December 16th, 2010

Mosquito bite takes place once you have been stung by a mosquito as well as the system reacts to the mosquito’s saliva. It might sting and itch, nonetheless it wont change over quickly and is generally harmless.

Whenever you get stung by a mosquito injects saliva into it even though the puncture website. It tends to make the blood does not solidify and therefore have time to soak mosquito clear. The system reacts towards the overseas substance from the saliva plus a mosquito bite takes place. Within the mosquito’s saliva are also substances that make the bite itch.

Many people react a lot more strongly than other individuals. Why you don’t know actually. Mosquitoes also seem to choose particular folks over other folks. It depends on the odors we excrete.

Mosquitoes can spread diseases. In significant components with the entire world is the mosquito-borne diseases like as malaria, a major difficulty. In Sweden, tularemia and Ockelbo disease spread in this way, but these diseases are fairly uncommon. Some many years breaks out more compact, regional epidemics.

Signs of mosquito bites

Puncture website on the pores and skin becomes red and swollen. Typically it itches as well. Every person reacts differently. Some may be significant itchy mosquito bite, other individuals could be barely visible bites. Most bites will disappear in a very few days. Bett around eyes or mouth are no more dangerous than the bite on other parts of the system.

Preventing mosquito bites

Should you know you will be staying inside a spot with a good deal of mosquitoes, it is possible to in advance to prevent itching and swelling by taking common allergy medicine with antihistamines. Antihistamines are undertaking to your entire body doesn’t react as strongly for the bites.

Wear vibrant clothing also. Mosquitoes are attracted to dark colors.

Mosquito repellent that you could eliminate the skin at the pharmacy. Mosquito repellent incorporates substances that affect mosquitoes sense of scent. They may not know your smell. This means that they do not discover you and as a substitute seek out a brand new alternative.

Self-care for mosquito bites

When you have previously received a mosquito bite, it is possible to relieve this discomfort by cooling down the bite of cold water, an ice cube wrapped in cloth, or alsolsprit kylbalsam. To delete a weak hydrocortisone ointment to the mosquito bite may also perform well.

Make an effort to prevent scratching as considerably from the bite. It can worsen the itching along with the pores and skin is broken can bite turn into infected. Should you don’t scratch the bite heals it’s also quicker.

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Coma (unconsciousness)

Wednesday, December 15th, 2010

Coma implies that an individual is unconscious and that it’s not feasible to make contact with her or him. Instantly call 112 to inform paramedics. If not breathing, check airway and think about giving mouth-to-mouth breathing. If the person has no pulse, start with cardio-pulmonary resuscitation. Even though you’re awaiting an ambulance, you should loosen tight clothing, lay man or woman in a very stable facet place if you’re not suspect back injuries and set a blanket more than the man or woman.
Location the casualty in a very secure facet place Illustrator: Anna Ödhlund

Coma is really a critical issue and indicate disorder or injury. An individual who loses consciousness will need quick health-related care . Coma differs from fainting , once the person wakes up by itself following a minute.

Coma may arise for a number of factors. It could be because of:

  • disorder such as diabetes, epilepsy, cerebral infarction, meningitis or brain tumor
  • bleeding in the head because of injuries or accidents
  • poisoning
  • disturbed heart rhythm
  • problems breathing
  • significantdisordersfrom the body’s salt stabilityfrom the liver or kidneys usually are notoperatingeffectively.

When fainting
man or woman loses consciousness briefly.

Call Ambulance
instantly in coma

Right away call ambulance to inform paramedics if a person is unconscious. When you wait for the ambulance, examine breathing and pulse. Add the man or woman in secure aspect position (see photo) if the particular person breathes and includes a pulse and if you are not suspect again injury. Steady facet placement tends to enhance breathing. Loosen the unconscious person’s clothes.

Examine breathing and pulse

If not breathing, give mouth-to-mouth breathing , along with the individual has no pulse, give cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Mouth-to-mouth breathing and CPR differs in between adults and young children .

There is a substantial threat of airway obstruction in an unconscious man or woman. It could be that the tongue slips again into the throat or the individual has food or other items that caught in my throat. Proof of this is a snoring breathing or no breathing sound in any respect, or bluish lips. Just a few minutes with out oxygen can harm the mind. It is for that reason essential that you simply give synthetic respiration quickly.

If the airway is blocked to the tongue falling backward, try and convey the person’s lower jaw to open. Grasp the reduce jaw entrance teeth and pull the jaw ahead.

If a person place something in my throat and unable to breathe around the ground, you need to right away try to recover the object. First you, the particular person is leaning forward, delivering as much as 5 blows from open hand among the shoulder blades. Correct right after you make repeated stomach strain. Stand behind the man or woman and set her arms around their body. Press the inwards and upwards. Will not likely the object up, proceed alternating with ryggdunk and belly strain until it arrives up or until finally you get help.

Secure aspect position

Loosen the clothes which can be also tight. Put the man or woman to the facet of your upper leg bent and positioned in front kroppet. Wrap a blanket or clothing when breathing is standard.

In the event you suspect that the particular person injured his back again, tend not to place him in a very steady aspect placement. If the posture had to be altered, like the particular person begins to vomit, so attempt to do it devoid of twisting or bending your again. Never ever leave the particular person unconscious with out supervision.

Steady side placement was previously named the recovery position. See pictures under the hyperlink Secure facet position.

Healthcare remedy

If a person becomes unconscious, quickly dial 112 and ask for an ambulance.

Study in coma

The required examinations and tests to seek out the purpose why somebody becomes unconscious. They happen mostly in hospitals. There may be a single to examine the pupils, measuring coronary heart fee, blood pressure, blood exams and ECG . ECG stands for electrocardiogram. It’s a measuring method that measures the electrical activity of the heart.

In some instances essential brain imaging or cerebrospinal fluid samples.

Therapy for coma

The airways are kept distinct and, if required, the unconscious assist with breathing by a respirator. It also specials with disorders from the circulatory and cardiovascular activity.

Other treatment method offered is dependent upon the cause of unconsciousness.

The treatments are offered both in the ambulance as well as the hospital.

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Animal Chunk

Tuesday, December 14th, 2010

To be bitten by dogs, cats or other pets might be hazardous if the chunk is so deep that it bleeds. Make contact with your health practitioner if the bite is deep or swollen, tender and red, and if you have been deeply bitten around the arms or should you think you lack protection against tetanus.

An animal chunk is deep can cause critical and difficult to treat infections as a result of bacteria in the animal’s mouth. Although asked the man can cause serious infections.


Be sure you’ve simple protection towards tetanus. Standard safety is in thirty years. All children born in Sweden are provided these safety from the vaccination system. Seek advice from a nurse on the nearest health-related facility. Study the write-up Vaccination of kids.

Clap no dogs and cats in the world due to chance of rabies.

Self-care of animal

A superficial bite that doesn’t bleed substantially heal primarily by himself. Stick to these measures:

Wash your palms.
Wash the wound with soap and
Set possibly in a very bandage. Stay away from tight connections, an air compressor is greatest.

Professional medical treatment for animal bites

Make contact with GP or next närakut if:

the chunk is deep
bite is swollen, tender and red
you’ve got been deeply bitten on the palms or near a stage
assume you lack protection against tetanus.

If you get bitten by an animal abroad, it’s crucial which you urgently speak to the physician.

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Ear infections – Otitis

Wednesday, December 8th, 2010

Ear infection is an acute purulent irritation from the center ear. It starts suddenly and typically go around that couple of days. Ear infections are commonest in children, but adults also can suffer. Search care about you or your kid have ear discomfort for longer than three days, the ear drains or on general problem deteriorates sharply.

Ear infections are most common through the winter months. Prevalent Cold Virus makes it more difficult for that mucous membranes with the nose and ears to defend on their own in opposition to bacteria. The real ear inflammation isn’t contagious, but chilly viruses or bacteria infect.

Acute otitis media is the second commonest chilly could be the commonest infection in children. In adults, alternatively, quite unusual. Ahead of the start of college has just around three from four children have actually had acute otitis media.

A typical acute ear infection that heals usually offers no hearing impairment. Study also Aftercare on the bottom with the write-up.

Auditory canal

Auditory canal irritation, otitis externa, occurring both in children and adults, but not inside the youngest children. It’s most frequent throughout the season. The one indicator might be pain inside the ear. It hurts once you press the small skin tags, Tragus, outside the ear canal. Sometimes it’s also fluid from the ear.


Öronkatarr can be a type of otitis media. Then there’s center ear fluid is just not pus. In most cases öronkatarr by alone. Mone if the symptoms return, attempt to strain equalization. For some it truly is adequate to chew and swallow, or push the reduced jaw, or swallow while you pinch the nose. Yet another way is always to hold tight to the nose along with your fingers although trying to blow out that when you blow your nose.

In the event you or your child has symptoms of öronkatarr for a number of months, with signs or symptoms that cover the ear, hearing loss, or frequent infections, you should speak to the wellbeing center. It is possible to then get a referral towards the ear specialist if required.

Signs or symptoms of otitis media

A typical indication of acute otitis media is it hurts my ear. Frequently with fever, listening to loss, head for ear and nasal congestion. The eardrum is red and thick and it was shaped from the middle ear.

Often burst eardrum to ensure the pus drains into the ear canal. Then it ends will generally damage. The sickness also takes place with out discomfort.


Children with otitis media with out pain may have poor urge for food and generally irritated.

The child features a sore ear may have brings about other than otitis media, including an ordinary chilly.
Avoiding ear infections


It truly is challenging to completely shield their children against otitis media, but you can find some ways to reduce danger:

breastfeeding has a protecting effect against otitis media in infants
shouldn’t be uncovered to smoky environments
it really is good for children in kindergarten are outdoor a great deal
Increase the head finish in the mattress from the typical chilly signs.


In adults, the most ear infections far more instantly than in children. It can also feel far more intensive.

It’s possible to alleviate signs and symptoms. It is good to raise the top conclude with the mattress really – your head needs to be higher up than the heart. It reduces swelling inside the nose and ear. Nose drops or nasal spray also reduces nasal congestion.

In ache are common non-prescription painkillers excellent.


Practically all ear infections are treated in the wellbeing middle.

At high fever, extreme effects in the infection, or if it pours liquid out of your ear is becoming deemed to offer with antibiotics. Plain penicillin normally aids.
symptoms persist right after two to 3 days, make contact with your medical doctor.


For children aged 1 to 12 many years with evidence of otitis media is advisable to wait two to 3 days and just alleviate symptoms by offering pain drugs and, perhaps, nose drops or nasal spray. Ear infections will heal in most cases by itself inside a number of days without antibiotics.
below two a long time with confirmed sided otitis media handled with antibiotics although there has been two to a few days. Even children who have runny ear infection, that is, when it punctured eardrum, is treated with antibiotics no matter age.
a child has 3 or a lot more acute otitis media in the course of the 6 months it may be proper with an investigation of a ear specialist. Family health practitioner can write a referral.

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Retinal detachment

Wednesday, December 1st, 2010

Retinal detachment indicates that parts in the retina becomes indifferent through the eye wall. If retinal detachment is treated early, probabilities for therapeutic excellent. Get in touch with acute eye or eye physician instantly in the event you have flashes of light, “sotflagor”, darkish trails or shadows within your vision.
Retinal detachment Illustration: Swedish
Agency Graphics Enlarge image

Retinal detachment is a relatively uncommon illness. It occurs most typically in middle age and affects women as frequently as women. In this age decreases the eye’s vitreous body together, which occasionally results in a hole within the retina.

By way of gap flowing fluid out and lift the retina from its bed in the eye’s interior wall. Membrane comes off progressively. The retina will be the visual cells that mediate synimpulser to the mind. They get their vitamins through the underlying pores and skin. If contact is misplaced with this dying cells. This means that the components from the retina detachment is no longer purposeful.

We need to swiftly get remedy, within several weeks, the entire retina have turn out to be indifferent and also the eye becomes blind.

Retinal detachment handled early have very great prospects to heal. For more than ninety % of cases heal the eye so that vision could be preserved.

Very nearsighted individuals are at greater risk of retinal detachment. A nearsighted eye is increasing in dimension. The retina stretched out and grow to be thinner and much more fragile. Despite the fact that effective blows straight in opposition to the eye can cause retinal detachment.
Signs of retinal detachment

For numerous, beginning with retinal detachment that you see lightning and sotflagor that moves in front of the eye. Sotflagorna adopted by a shadow that draws from your edge from the visible discipline toward the middle.

When the shadow reaches the center, it can be not to read and look sharp. It can take hrs or days. Visual impairment becomes extreme and comes only in 1 eye.

Should you see symptoms like flashes of gentle or darkish sotflagor loops may possibly be indicators that a gap shaped in the retina. The risk of retinal detachment is then excellent. Test your eyes immediately. The sooner that you are handled, the much less threat that the vision is severely affected.

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Eye Injuries

Monday, November 22nd, 2010

Eye injuries are sometimes caused by flying particles but additionally from the spray from corrosive liquids or blow for the eye. Get in contact with an acute eye should you obtained an merchandise inside the eye that will not disappear once you rinse the eye, should you have knowledgeable a sharp sliver or even a corrosive substance inside the eye or should you suffered a blow for the eye.

Eye injuries can take place if, as an example, a steel chip or even a splash of one thing corrosive substance inside the eye. Even a modest grain of sand can suggest plenty of discomfort once the chafe and tears flowing. Typically washed modest particles out with tears. However they also can lead to harm this kind of as modest ulcers around the cornea. Even small injuries can bring about serious vision loss.
An excessive amount of UV radiation also can lead to harm for the cornea, lens and retina. Snöytor that strongly displays the sun’s ultraviolet rays may cause snowblind, in which scores of modest wounds take place around the cornea. It can make plenty of discomfort, but heals following several days. Any person who looks in the sun are vulnerable to burns for the retina.

Eye injuries can obviously also be caused by objects hitting the eye. As an example, a flick of a twig give agonizing ulcers from the cornea.

Blunt trauma for the eye area may cause fracture from the orbital bone, which in flip can interfere with eye actions and supply double vision.

Signs and symptoms of eye damage

Normally you may experience the chafe and stings the eyes, specifically once you blink. The eye may possibly grow to be red and irritated. Tears movement, and you also may possibly be hypersensitive to light. Despite the fact that adjustments in vision may possibly take place.

Most usually impacted just one eye. In infections, nonetheless, usually impacts each eyes.

Prevent eye injuries

* Often put on security glasses when functioning with equipment and chemical substances. Specifically large danger means functioning with grinding and drilling machines.
* Use eye
safety when engaged in sports activities with large danger of eye damage.
In no way have a look at the sun.
* Use caution when
dealing with fireworks.


1) Particles inside the eye

If a foreign object is resolved the white from the eye or within the eyelid, do the next:

* Flush them with h2o from this kind of a clear h2o, or use the shower for no less than 5 minutes. Maintain eyelids aside to rinse is successful.
Attempt to get rid of the merchandise in the corner of a clear fabric, handkerchief or tissue or even a cotton swab.

In no way try to get rid of an object that has fallen around the cornea about the pupil, or appear to be caught or embedded in white from the eye. Usually do not rub the eye. Cover the eye having a gentle fabric and call an emergency space eye clinic just before perhaps heading there.

2) Splashes inside the eye

* Tilt your head back again. Tilt your head in order that the broken eye is near for the floor. This can prevent acquiring in to the substance from the unhurt eye. Rinse right away with h2o as an example, from a clear h2o, or use the shower for no less than 5 minutes. Maintain eyelids aside to rinse is successful.
* Call 112 and ask for poison
data for assessing the danger.
* If irritation persists,
speak to an emergency space eye clinic.
* Splashes from corrosive substances,
carry on to rinse for no less than 15 minutes and then repeatedly in the course of the journey for the hospital.

Healthcare therapy

Speak to the emergency space at eye clinic should you:

* get a foreign object inside the eye and it will not disappear once you rinse the eye
* receives an object
inside the eye and you also know it is a sliver of steel, stone or related
* receives corrosive fluids
inside the eye
* suffered a blow
for the eye.

The tackle and phone quantity of a sort reception may be observed below Locate wellness and social care. You’ll be able to also speak to some receptions and order a single time by means of Vårdguiden e-services My wellness care contacts.


A corneal ulcer may cause an infection inside the worst circumstances may possibly heal with scarring. To assist make sure harm for the cornea drops medical doctor a dye inside the eye. Then seems the wound clearly as well as the medical doctor can provide appropriate therapy.

Therapy of eye injuries

When you are unable to get care of it that irritate the eye adequate occasions to become a nurse or medical doctor, the reverse from the eyelids, getting rid of it as irritating.

If a particle is caught for the cornea, the medical doctor may possibly scrape it below neighborhood anesthesia.

Modest steel splinters that hits the eye with excellent pace can penetrate the eye wall. Skadar speck lens can bring about cataracts. Could be the splinter deeper also can harm the retina. Could be the medical doctor positive if the splinter entered the eye, X-rayed it.

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Acupuncture – A Natural Way of Treating Melancholy

Saturday, October 30th, 2010

Depressive disorders is actually a psychological ailment that is certainly affecting too many individuals all above the world. In the US alone, greater than 5% with the population suffers from depression symptoms inside a specific yr. Less than 30% of these affected people today get suitable cure. And worst case is when this problem benefits to a suicidal attempt. Presently, a lot of individuals are enormously dependent on precarious and addictive medicines simply to have serotonin in proper level. As a result, the true culprits of the depression are just concealed but as soon as medicine intake is halted, there is a excellent likelihood that the condition will assault yet again.

Now becoming renowned being absolutely harmless and yields excellent results could be the acupuncture treatment method for melancholy. Whilst freeing the affected person from your indicators, the remedy also targets the true culprit that caused depression symptoms. In contrast to the artificial treatment plans, acupuncture treatment method is no cost of hazardous side effects. Additionally, a growing number of folks get drawn to it as additional testimonials shows abound achievement.

In regular medicine, it really is alleged which the origin of depressive disorders is pressure. The existing of living energy within the human physique is suppressed by anxiety and yields to indications of despression symptoms. The process of an acupuncturist is usually to boost or appropriate the movement of lifestyle vitality.

A single acupuncture session just isn’t sufficient to cure any disorder. As this technique is pure, the method also requires time. Close to four or 5 sessions are needed to experience a promising variation. The entire remedy will erase depression signs such as nervousness, sleeplessness, and exhaustion.

The therapy will induced the release of hormones named endorphins. These hormones are frequently referred to as “runner’s high” as these hormones supply wonderful feeling and balance your emotion or mood. This can be the most important ground why an acupuncture cure is successful for addressing depressive disorders.

When you are currently dependent on medications, you are able to go for acupuncture and in time lower your medicine dosage. At some point you will likely be totally free in the bondage with those synthetic drugs. To obtain the most out with the treatment, it’s finest to accompany the remedy with clear consuming and balanced life-style.

Outcomes from bellevue acupuncture differ from one particular person to a different. Diet plan, lifestyle and depth of depressions are the widespread elements. This treatment may be incredibly effective if executed inside precise way. To have hold of a professional acupuncturist.

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If you use any sexually

Thursday, July 1st, 2010

It is never okay to take someone on or related to your body in an embarrassing or uncomfortable way . Not friends , strangers , staff , parents or siblings or any other. If something happens , there’s help at hand.

Adults and young people who are much older than you should never move your body in any ” sexual ” way . If someone does that , it is not your fault . Anyone who is an adult or older responsible always for what he or she does . It has nothing to do with you . Other children may not do so unless you want to . You and your body has the right to be left alone .

What is sexual abuse ?

Gender or sex organs are the same as the penis or Snippe . Maybe you’re unsure of what is a sexual assault . Sexual abuse may include :

  • When someone wants to do something with your body that makes you feel uneasy and scared .
  • When someone touches your body in a way that does not feel good , or related to your genitals , or want you to touch the other’s genitals .
  • When someone rubs , rub or press their genitals against your gender in any way .
  • When someone wants you to use your mouth and suck , for example, or lick their body .
  • When an adult or more want to see your genitals , or want to show his own .
  • When someone is talking in a sexual manner .
  • When someone wants to see or shoot you without clothes .

These things are always counted as a sexual assault even if you want to do what an adult says or asks you to do . Adults should not ask you to do something sexual . It is only the adult’s fault in such cases . Not yours.

There is help!

Talk to an adult

For most , it is very difficult to tell what has happened . Maybe you feel guilty or hesitant . It might take several years before you dare to tell . It is never too late to tell

Talk to an adult you trust. You should not need to be afraid . You should also not be afraid of you gossip . Talking about what has happened is not to gossip . It has done this against you need help . You can not help him or her and you can not wait for it to stop . It is enough that it happened once that person has done wrong . Talk to your mom , dad , teacher , school nurse , a neighbor , your grandmother , grandfather , grandmother or grandfather or your friend’s mom or dad . The important thing is that you ‘re talking to someone and it ends .

It tells you it can then go to someone who is good at taking care of things here . It may include social services , or any group working to help those who have experienced sexual abuse . Your parents have no right to be angry at you for seeking help .

Places that can help you and your family

If you do not know who to talk to , there are several places you can call or e-mail . You can choose which one you feel good . Maybe you’ve heard of any of them before. In several of them , you can choose to remain anonymous to begin with . Maybe you first want to hear only what they can to help you with . Call from a friend or telephone if you do not want your parents to see on your phone bill where you called.

Talk to a nurse

You can also call Health Guide on the telephone on 08-320 100th Here are nurses and picks up the phone seven days a week around the clock . They can help you get help . It costs as a regular phone call .


You can also contact BUP , Child and adolescent psychiatry directly . Call first BUP where you live . Click on the links to the right address and telephone number . BUP Vaasa working specifically with children who have experienced sexual abuse .

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Depression in older

Thursday, July 1st, 2010

Depression is more common in older than in younger so the risk of illness increases with age . Depression is a disease that affects five percent of the population . Several factors contribute to the onset of depression , such as altered sensitivity of the brain . This can include the gene and also external factors may be relevant . For those who suffer from other diseases , the risk is greater . Depression can manifest itself as anxiety, sleep problems , depressed mood and life lead . There are effective treatments , including drugs .

Depression in the elderly is related to certain factors that have particular relevance :

  • As we age reduces the levels of neurotransmitters in the brain . These substances regulate, among other things, sorrow , joy , anxiety , sleep and appetite .
  • Changes in the brain after stroke .
  • External pressures , such as when a relative dies , loneliness , financial problems or abuse .
  • Disease .
  • Lack of nutrients essential for brain function, such as fatty acids , vitamin B12 and folic acid .
  • Some medications can help trigger depression .

The risk of other diseases may increase for those who are depressed . Physical illness can also increase the risk of depression .


There is effective treatment for depression , but many older people without help . Therefore it is important that relatives and carers are alert to signs of depression .

Many of the symptoms in the elderly who are depressed is the same as in younger . Typical psychological characters can be :

  • Lowered mood . Nothing feels funny or engaging. Things that previously gave pleasure sensations , for example, in the outdoors, music or literature loses its meaning.
  • Anxiety and worry that often feels particularly strong on the night or early morning .
  • Insomnia .
  • Loss of appetite .
  • It is difficult to deal with everyday chores , everything is slow and it was hard to do even simple chores .
  • When the depression could become deep emotions of life to lead .

Older people suffer more frequently from more somatic symptoms of depression . Physical symptoms that may occur are :

  • strong fatigue
  • headache
  • dizziness
  • breathlessness
  • palpitations
  • pain in muscles, joints , back , stomach , intestines and heart .

Depression and dementia may be more symptoms to be equal . Those who suffer from dementia often have disruptions in short-term memory , difficulty with speech or motor skills problems and to orient themselves in space and time .


There are tests that can determine whether a person suffering from depression or dementia . Assessment and tests carried out in psychiatry may also be supplemented by various studies of the brain and other samples .



The elderly suffer from depression are treated in much the same way as younger . Treatment is often with medicines that improve the neurotransmitters in the brain , combined with social assistance and call or psychotherapy .

If the depression is severe can sometimes be used electrotherapy .

Depression in the elderly may be due to several different things and therefore need treatment often contain several different elements .

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Depression in young

Thursday, July 1st, 2010

Depression in young people is fairly common . You can feel sad , dejected and depressed without knowing why , be more difficult to concentrate, experience more anxiety and concern and know that you are worth less than others . The outpatient child and adolescent psychiatry , BUP , offers talks with a psychologist . A deep depression can lead to preoccupation about death and suicide. It is therefore important that you or your child receives professional help as soon as possible .

Illness or just depressed ?

All feel depressed or sad at some point in life . When you are young children or suffer setbacks and crises in life , it is natural to react to feel depressed and sad . It is a natural part of life . These feelings usually pass after a time , often with the help and support from parents and friends .

Depression however is a condition that does not move by itself , within a reasonable time , and that affects all areas of life . It is rare that young children become depressed , but teenagers and adults suffer approximately the same frequency . Depression is more common in girls and women .

Why are you depressed?

The causes of depression can be many . Often, the person becomes depressed, a vulnerability in the context of adversity and stress . It can be congenital , caused by traumatic experiences early in life or because you had a hard time with , for example, much trouble and conflict in your family or with your mates .

The environment , ie where you grew up , school, family and people who are around you also have impact on how well you can take setbacks . A safe and stable family can do to a person , despite an innate vulnerability , more rarely , a depression .

Purely physical things , such as disruption of thyroid hormone production , can in rare cases, also trigger a depression .

Symptoms of depression in young

How do you know if you have a depression ? If you have any of these characters for more than a couple of weeks you may be depressed :

  • You feel sad and depressed and find it easy to cry for the slightest adversity .
  • You feel severe anxiety and concern .
  • You find it hard to feel happy or be interested in things that usually are fun .
  • You feel irritated by everything and everyone .
  • You find it hard to concentrate so that schoolwork is affected .
  • Self-confidence is declining and you often find yourself as worthless .
  • Appetite changes . You may find it difficult to eat at all or do you feel hungry for something all the time . In children who are depressed is inadequate weight loss or weight gain usual.
  • You sleep weird and disturbed easily . Some have trouble falling asleep , sleep more and more during the day and could eventually turn the clock. Sleep disorders are serious, that you feel anxiety .
  • In teenagers , it is common practice to sleep a lot , but still feels tired . Minimum document can feel exhausting to carry .
  • The risk is great for both girls and boys to start using alcohol or drugs .
  • Guys , especially , can become aggressive and disruptive .
  • You may be preoccupied with thoughts of death and suicidal thoughts and maybe even try to harm you or take your life .


Have you ever had a depression , it may come again . It is important to be alert to signals of a new depression .


For those of you who are young and feel dejected and depressed , it is important to talk to an adult , your parents , a teacher , a friend’s parent or someone else you can trust. It often helps to talk about their feelings and it can be a means for early detection and possibly prevent a deep depression . In addition, support will be available from care .

Your parents always have a responsibility to make you feel good and get help if needed . A method for early detection and possible prevention of depression is to talk to them about what is difficult . To be able to put words to their feelings is the best method to process the setbacks and crises .

Sleep is important for all people but especially if you are getting depressed . Try to prioritize your sleep and if it does not work you need to seek help to get good advice and treatment .

If you are a parent

Anyone who is a parent should seek professional help from outpatient child and adolescent psychiatry , BUP , or clinic if the child seems depressed and have difficulty talking about their feelings .

The following contacts are confidential and can provide further assistance : National Helpline , priest , telephone counselor and friend on duty . See links on the right.

Treatment of depression in young


Do you have a mild depression , you can get going at intervals along the so-called psychotherapeutic conversation . It may be sufficient . Often it is useful to combine so that you both individually and together with your parents may be able to get help to deal with your situation .

It is also important to treatment, knowledge about depression so that both you and your parents can see the early signs of a possible deterioration or if you would become depressed again .

Social support

In addition to psychotherapy , it is important to adapt the activities and requirements of the person who is depressed . For example, it could be considered to reduce the number of lessons in school so that it is a reasonable load for homework and school day length .

Physical activity

Regular physical activity has proven useful for many different conditions and diseases . It may be that cycling, walking , swimming and more. In adults, regular exercise, prevention of anxiety and depression new periods . One can expect that it also applies to young people . Physical activity during the day also makes it easier to sleep at night .


If you have a moderate or severe depression , you may need both psychotherapy and drugs ( antidepressants ) .

Evaluation in the treatment of children and young people is limited . Treatment must be done in close cooperation with you and your parents and with frequent return visits . Sometimes anxiety and concern increase at the beginning of the treatment period . There is then a risk of side effects means that you have more suicidal thoughts and possibly try to harm himself , but this tends to reduce after a few weeks . The dose escalation slowly . It may take four to six weeks before we know for sure if the medicine has any effect . It continues to be in contact throughout the treatment period . When it’s time to close so it is in agreement with a gradual tapering of the medication .

Advice for relatives

If you are a family may also need support . There you can get from a support organization . They can give you information and help you make contact with others in a similar situation . If your relative has had contact with health care , you can also get support from the staff responsible for your relative’s care .

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