Archive for the ‘Brain and nervous system’ Category

Brain tumor

Tuesday, April 27th, 2010

Brain tumor may cause many different symptoms from headaches and seizures to personality disorder. Brain tumor treated with surgery and sometimes radiation therapy and chemotherapy. Contact your GP for recurrent headaches, nausea and vomiting, disturbances in balance or episodic disturbance of movement ability, vision, speech and sensation but also if you have blackouts or change your personality.

Brain tumor affecting up to 2,000 people in Sweden each year. The causes are unknown, but chemical and heritage can play a role. Brain tumor affects people of all ages. In children and adolescents, it is the second most common cancer, after leukemia, with about 80 new cases per year. Brain tumor is most common among older people and half of all patients are over 60 years.

Tumours of the central nervous system may be primary or secondary. Primary occur in the brain. Secondary, ie metastases or metastases from cancers arising in any other organ in the body.

Primary brain tumors can be benign or malignant. Benign tumors grow slowly and separated from the brain tissue, while malignant grows into the brain tissue, and are therefore difficult to radical surgical removal. There are a hundred different types of primary brain tumors with different prognosis and treatment.

The symptoms of brain tumor depends primarily on where in the brain tumor cavity. There may be a case of epileptic seizures of various kinds, visual disturbances, speech and hearing problems, impaired balance, memory disturbances, paralysis symptoms, numbness or headache. The brain is also the center of our emotions and psychiatric symptoms is therefore not unusual for brain tumors. In the first place shows they like that it is hard to take the initiative and feel engegemang.

When a tumor growing in the brain increases the pressure inside the head and this can eventually cause headache, nausea and vomiting, especially in the mornings.
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You should contact your GP if you experience:

* epilepsy-like seizures
* recurrent headaches
* recurrent nausea and vomiting
* balance disturbances, visual disturbances, speech and hearing disorders, sensation or movement disorders
* memory gaps and / or personality changes.

The address and telephone number of a kind reception you can find by clicking on the Find clinic care at the top of the page or by clicking the link below the reception the upper right.
You can also contact some receptions and order a time via the Internet. Click on My care contacts on the right.

If there is suspicion of brain tumor investigation usually begins with a neurological examination in which sensory, mobility and reflexes, and more controlled. The survey gives an idea of what part of the brain that are affected.

To see if there is a tumor and where it is needed must be X-rayed and it is done with so-called CT scan or MRI.

For a definitive diagnosis and to determine the type of tumor this is, required in many cases a tissue sample. This is generally associated with an operation. If the diagnosis is uncertain conducted a special operation to remove the tissue sample. In many cases, this can be performed through a small hole drilled in the skull bone. A thin needle is introduced and it sucks out a small sample of the suspected tumor.

Operation and / or radiotherapy is the most important methods to treat brain tumors. Sometimes it is also given chemotherapy, chemo. Often, other treatments for the symptoms of the tumor brought about, such as epilepsy.

Occasional small tumors treated with targeted radiotherapy, known as strålknivsbehandling. One can then obtain a strong therapeutic effect against the tumor while the surrounding brain tissue is affected only slightly.

The potential to cure disease, a brain tumor depends on many factors. Among the most important are:

* Tumor type
* where in the brain tumor growing
* tumor size.

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