Archive for the ‘Cancer’ Category

The head and neck cancer annually affects about 15,000 people

Saturday, May 22nd, 2010

Each year are diagnosed in Spain between 14,000 and 15,000 people with head and neck cancer. It is estimated that currently suffer from this disease some 37,000 Spanish, making our country in a region with higher incidence, as detailed Dr. Juan Jesús Cruz, head of the University Hospital of Salamanca and president of the Spanish Group Treatment of Head and Neck Tumors.

These tumors occur mainly in men, as nine out of ten cases, which explains “as a result of habits and social customs such as consumption of alcohol and snuff,” said Cruz. However, the doctor recalled that these are patients with a high prevalence of healing and survival, largely because treatments that have emerged in recent years.

The disease, which affects the salivary glands, lips, oral cavity, larynx, hypopharynx, nasopharynx, nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses, particularly evident in the oral cavity (43%), followed by the pharynx (33%) and larynx ( 24%). In addition, because the symptoms are nonspecific, the disease may present untreated for a long time, which makes 80% of patients go to consultation with locally advanced disease. “They are tumors in which social relations are very committed, so it is key to developing new therapies that can avoid surgery and the high toxicity of radiotherapy, said Cruz.

They are mostly young patients, about 50, about drug abusers. “Most important are smokers and drinkers,” said Dr. Yolanda Escobar, an oncologist at the Hospital Gregorio Maranon de Madrid. It is important that the patient change their lifestyle habits for successful treatment, he said. “Unlike what patients think, one is not free of the disease by consuming alcohol ‘light’ as it could be beer or wine, because what is taken into account is the amount of ethanol consumed. They fought to snuff in terms of the amount you smoked per day, per year, the intensity of inhalation, and so on. “said the doctor.

Some early symptoms of these patients are in difficulty or discomfort when swallowing, prolonged hoarseness, sore face, throat and persistent nasal obstruction, hoarseness, or mouth sores. Those affected, which in general are people of low socioeconomic status, have a great ability to fit the diagnosis and treatment. Some applicants are not asking for information and treatment options, detailed Escobar. It is important to the multidisciplinary approach of the disease, which is normally involved the audiologist, surgeon, radiation oncologist and medical oncologist, who has to lead the monitoring of these patients, she explained. This tumor also requires a complex approach, as are common comorbidities, especially cardiovascular status, respiratory, liver, and can prevent the use of aggressive therapies, he added.

Post to Twitter Post to Facebook Post to Google Buzz Post to Yahoo Buzz Post to MySpace Post to Digg Post to LinkedIn Send Gmail Post to Delicious Post to Squidoo Post to Bebo Post to Plurk Post to Diigo Post to FriendFeed Mixx This Post Post to Post to Reddit Post to Slashdot Post to StumbleUpon Post to Technorati

The rate is improved survival of patients with breast cancer?

Monday, May 3rd, 2010

There is a new study showing that the survival rate of women with recurrent breast cancer has been improving in the last two decades, but also cautions that more studies are needed.

Sharon H. Giordano, MDLa lead author and assistant professor in the Department of Breast Medical Oncology at M. D Anderson answered several questions hacerca of this study.

What was the goal of this destudio?

The goal of this study was to determine whether the survival rate in patients with recurrent breast cancer had improved (the recurrent cancer is cancer that returns after his initial diagnosis).

As obtained that information?

The researchers analyzed data from 834 patients of M. D Anderson who had had recurrent cancer developed between th December 1974 and November 2000.

The major objective of this study was to evaluate the association between the year in which recurrence was detected and subsequent survive. Patients were divided into five groups basing on the year in which occurred recurrence, and survival was compared between these five groups.

They found?

Although our findings are suggestive and not conclusive, our data suggest that the prognosis of patients with recurrent breast cancer has improved from 1974 to 2000.

Our analysis shows that there is a significant improvement in survival rates over the five groups, in more recent patients who live more noticeable after diagnosis of recurrence.

The following are the survival rates were diagnosticaos patients with recurrent breast cancer and specific period:

* 10% for 1974-1979 patients
* 14% for 1980-1984 patients
* 22% for 1985-1989 patients
* 29% for 1990-1994 patients
* 44% for 1995-2000 patients

The more recent the recurrence group had better prognostic variables, and a longer life span, this is due in part to advances in drugs and treatments. The most favorable variables include:

* A smaller size of the tumor
• A lower level of disease status
* Less involved lymph nodes
* Disease-free interval longer
* Tumors with positive estroneno receptors (these are tumors that use estrogen to grow).
* Tumors that do not involve major organs

It is estimated that there has been a risk reduction of 1% to 2% for each year it increases, although the change was not statistically highly significant. This statistic is consistent with data Seet (database of the results found by the National Cancer Institute Surveillance, Epidemilogy and End Results)

That current statistics indicate breast cancer?

In 2004, approximately 217.440 new cases of breast cancer were diagnosed in the United States, and 40.580 women are expected to die due to metastasis, this according to the American Cancer Society.

How conclusive are the results?

Due to the inherent difficulties faced in determining changes in survival time, we urge that these results are interpreted cautiously.

Although the strength of this study includes a large patient poblacin is needed extensive follow up (mean 9.3 years) and uniform initial stages follow-up tests, the study is limited to the problems inherited in elanalisis of survival data time.

For example, improvements in radiographic techniques and more precise imaging techniques may change the distribution of the phases. Small metastases that may have been detected with modern imaging techniques 90 could have passed without notice in the ’70s. Thus some patients were diagnosed at 70 could have been bad clasificdos saying Dela had early disease. This would result in apparent poorer prognosis of the patient group in 1970.

In addition, improvements in radiographic imaging could have resulted in more diagnoses of recurrent disease temprenaos. This could give a misleading appearance of improved survival.

What could be responsible for increasing survival?

There has been a marked increase through time on the number of drugs available to treat cancer. One of the largest increases took place in the decade of the 90s with drugs such as taxanes, vinorelbine, capecitabine, Herceptin, aromatase inhibitors and pamidronate.

Therapeutic advances have also been having an impact on the survival rate among women with breast cancer. For example, two began in the early tests involving 70 adjuvant chemotherapy (chemotherapy before surgery) these treatments were shown to have adjuvant chemotherapy buenosresultados as to the time improvement and disease-free survival.

As this study will help future research?

Regardless of progress, the improvements in survival rates in patients with recurrent breast cancer or metastatic have been difficult to establish.

The mortality of breast cancer has been in decline. From 1995-1999, rates of breast cancer have declined about 3.2% a year. But still remains not clear whether eldescenso of deaths from cancer are due to a higher proportion of patients diagnosed with early stages of the disease or improvement in treatment.

With these data, we urge them to become more recurdos to clarify whether advances in therapy have led the desupervivencia improvements in the rate of recurrent breast cancer women.

Post to Twitter Post to Facebook Post to Google Buzz Post to Yahoo Buzz Post to MySpace Post to Digg Post to LinkedIn Send Gmail Post to Delicious Post to Squidoo Post to Bebo Post to Plurk Post to Diigo Post to FriendFeed Mixx This Post Post to Post to Reddit Post to Slashdot Post to StumbleUpon Post to Technorati

Cancer and it’s Symptoms,Prevention

Monday, April 26th, 2010

Cancer is more common in older, but you can get cancer at any age. A cancer develops over time and can be treated by several different methods. There are about 200 different cancers. There is nothing we can do to completely exclude the risk of getting a cancer. Contact your GP if you suspect cancer.

Cancer affects many people in any way. Most of us know someone who has or had cancer. Every third person in Sweden are affected at some time during their lives from cancer.

The disease is about as common among men as among women, but men and women suffer from various forms of cancer. In Sweden, prostate cancer is the most common cancer among men and among women, breast cancer is most common.

Cancer occurs more frequently among older people, but occurs in all ages. Cancer is very rare among children and adolescents. Only one percent of all cancers diagnosed in people under age 25 and an even smaller proportion of children younger than 15 years.

There are about 200 different cancers, each with varying degrees of severity. Thanks to increased knowledge, better treatment and better able to detect cancer at an early stage have the chance to fully cured has increased in recent decades. Some forms of cancer remains a high mortality. About 20 000 people a year die of a cancer in Sweden. This makes cancer the second leading cause of death after cardiovascular diseases.


The human body consists of between 50 000 and 100 000 billion cells. Cells die and are replaced constantly by new cells. Cancer arises through changes in the genes that regulate cell growth and division. The cells start to divide uncontrollably and continue to proliferate without regard to surrounding healthy cells. Eventually form a tumor that can spread and form metastases, or metastases.

All tumors are not cancer, it is benign so-called benign tumors. Warts and fatty lumps are examples of benign, harmless tumors. Cancer means a malignant tumor known as malignant disease. Often together a variety of factors in a complicated way for a cancer to occur.

An inherited susceptibility combined with exposure to certain carcinogens may induce a cancer. Around ten percent of all cancers can be classified as hereditary. Studies show that cancer can also be caused by random changes in the genes. It is also well known that different risk factors, such as smoking, can contribute to causing cancer.

Symptoms of Cancer

A cancer develops over a long period, sometimes for years, and it is therefore common that it will be before it causes symptoms. It is important that the cancer is detected early, it increases the chances of curing the disease. Different cancers of various symptoms. Read more about each cancer of the links on the right or on general symptoms in healthcare Search below.


There is nothing we can do to completely exclude the risk of getting a cancer. We know that a healthy lifestyle with good diet and adequate physical activity makes us humans feel better and reduces the risk of many serious diseases, including cancer. Research agree to certain factors such as smoking, increases the risk of developing cancer.

By being attentive to their body’s signals can also increase the ability to detect cancer at an earlier stage, which is very important for treatment outcome.

Treatment for Cancer

You can treat cancer with several different methods. The treatment chosen depends on which organ is infected, how far advanced the disease, age and health of the sick. For example, treatment for leukemia in children, adults and older people are very different.

The most common treatments are surgery, radiotherapy, anti-hormonal therapy and chemotherapy are sometimes called chemotherapy or chemotherapy.

Advice and support

It is emotionally stressful to get a message about cancer. Often the fear of cancer can cause death the overwhelming, but you can also feel very concerned about pain and treatment. It is important to get help and psychological support in this situation, and it is an important part of treatment.

Do you already have contact with the care they will help you for the support you need. You can also contact a support organization. They can give you information and assist you to make contact with others in a similar situation.

Advice and support for family

If you are a family may also need support. There you can get from a support organization. They can give you information and help you make contact with others in a similar situation. If your relative has had contact with health care, you can also get support from the staff responsible for your relative’s care.

Post to Twitter Post to Facebook Post to Google Buzz Post to Yahoo Buzz Post to MySpace Post to Digg Post to LinkedIn Send Gmail Post to Delicious Post to Squidoo Post to Bebo Post to Plurk Post to Diigo Post to FriendFeed Mixx This Post Post to Post to Reddit Post to Slashdot Post to StumbleUpon Post to Technorati

Breast cancer

Monday, April 26th, 2010

Breast cancer is the commonest cancer among women in Sweden and the number is constantly growing. One lump or lump in or around the breast is the most common sign of cancer. Early detection increases the possibility of curing the disease. Surgery combined with radiotherapy is a method for treating breast cancer.

Breast cancer usually begins with a tumor that develops in one breast. It may seem like a tuber. Certain types of breast cancer may spread and form metastases, ie metastases, in other parts of the body.

Many women with breast cancer will be healthy.

The risk of developing breast cancer increases with age. The disease is uncommon before age 40. Breast cancer can be hereditary, but in most cases is not known why.

Breast cancer is also available in men, the most affected is 60-70 years of age or older. Male breast cancer is very rare and represent less than one percent of breast cancers.

Two types of breast cancer

There are two types of breast cancer:


Cancer tumors occur most often in the mammary gland and passageways in the interior, dairy section. Cancer that occurs in those parts of the breast are called carcinomas. Carcinoma may gradually spread to other parts of the body. This is the most common form of breast cancer.


Another type of breast cancer is sarcoma, which arises in the breast’s connective tissue. It can spread via the bloodstream to the body’s other organs. One percent of breast cancer cases are sarcomas, carcinomas are the rest.


The most common sign of breast cancer is the formation of a bump or lump in or around the breast, for example, in the armpit. Changes in breast shape and appearance, or a withdrawal of the skin of the breast in a limited area can also occur. The nipple can be drawn inwards or otherwise altered. Bloody discharge from the nipple may also be an early symptom.

Many breast cancer cases are detected in a mammography examination. Regular examinations can detect breast cancer at an early stage.


The possibility of curing breast cancer is greater the earlier the diagnosis is made. It is therefore very important that you each month examines your breasts for lumps, nodules or other changes. The best way to examine your breasts is to lather them with circular movements gently feel through the glandular tissue with your fingers. It is easiest to find any changes if you stretch the arm on the side you are examining.

By examining your breasts regularly to learn all about them and can easily detect any changes.


To see if you have breast cancer are multiple investigations, including mammography and examination of cell samples from the tumor. If a nodule or lump is detected at mammography sometimes tissue samples taken by puncture with a needle.

The doctor needs to know what kind of tumor it is, how big it is and how it grows to be able to choose treatment. A tissue sample (biopsy) is taken from the tumor to find out what type of tumor they are. In the treatment of breast cancer is always sample from the lymph nodes in the armpit. When tumor cells spread to these lymph nodes affects the choice of treatment.


In breast cancer surgery often only the part of the breast where the tumor is. This method is used if the tumor is not larger than 3-4 centimeters in diameter. The procedure is usually combined with radiotherapy for the portion of the breast that remains.

The entire breast surgically removed if the tumor is too large or if there are tumors in several places in the chest. If the tumor in the breast is large or if the tumor cells spread to the lymph nodes are often given chemotherapy (chemo) for three to four months before surgery is done.

Sometimes breast surgery even if it is a benign tumor. When a minor surgery done locally in my chest – it does not remove the entire breast. To be surgically removed a benign lump may be due to mammograms and cell samples are not completely safe demonstrated that cells of the tuber is healthy. When operating in order to be on the safe side. It also happens to be surgically removed benign nodules of the type that over time tend to grow larger, to avoid future uncertainty and new samples. A third reason to remove a benign lump, the patient is restless and myself wish to remove it.

All women who undergo breast surgery in which the entire breast is removed the opportunity to select an external prosthesis or a new breast surgically. There are several different methods to reconstruct the breast, which can sometimes be directly related to the first operation. Breast surgeon work together when a plastic surgeon for the bypass.

Previously, approximately one in ten women who had surgery for breast cancer after surgery so called lymphedema in the operated side arm. In lymphedema, it is important that treatment is provided with compression and massage by specially trained physical therapist. In this way, the symptoms of swelling usually be contained in an effective manner.

With the surgical techniques currently used are only one or two lymph node from his armpit. If the gland is healthy in the armpit surgery becomes so small that the risk of lymphedema is insignificant. If the lymph node analysis however found to be affected by cancer is surgery in the armpit of the same type as before, that is, removing a greater number of lymph nodes.


After surgery or radiation often requires medical treatment with chemotherapy (chemo), antibodies or hormonal drug to reduce the risk that the tumor will come back. Often a combination of several different kinds of treatment. The risk of relapse is greatest during the first few years. After surgery and any other treatment is recommended, therefore, women who have had breast cancer to conduct regular medical examinations and mammograms.

Post to Twitter Post to Facebook Post to Google Buzz Post to Yahoo Buzz Post to MySpace Post to Digg Post to LinkedIn Send Gmail Post to Delicious Post to Squidoo Post to Bebo Post to Plurk Post to Diigo Post to FriendFeed Mixx This Post Post to Post to Reddit Post to Slashdot Post to StumbleUpon Post to Technorati

  • You are currently browsing the archives for the Cancer category.

Home   |   Sitemap   |   Privacy Policy   |   Terms   |   Contact   |   Blog   |   Advertise With Us