Archive for the ‘Specialties’ Category

Medicaldig.com: Ovarian Cancer…

Sunday, May 30th, 2010

Medicaldig.com: Ovarian Cancer http://www.medicaldig.com/blog/female/pregnancy/ovarian-cancer/

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Medicaldig.com: 60% of child a…

Thursday, May 27th, 2010

Medicaldig.com: 60% of child accidents are due to carelessness of parents or carers http://bit.ly/9O2kKQ

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Medicaldig.com: Anal incontine…

Thursday, May 27th, 2010

Medicaldig.com: Anal incontinence http://www.medicaldig.com/blog/diseases-and-advice/stomach-and-intestines/anal-incontinence/

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Allergic rhinitis

Monday, May 3rd, 2010

Allergic rhinitis (also called “hay fever”) occurs when breathing something you are allergic and makes the Internal nose inflamed. Rhinitis allergic affects 40 million people in the United States.

“CHAT are the indications and symptoms allergic rhinitis?

Symptoms rhinitis are allergic similar to a cold common. Without However, a Unlike symptoms common cold, the symptoms allergic rhinitis may last longer 8-10 days and may include: Nasal congestion Sneezing runny.

Itchy nose itchy eyes or watery eyes. Children with allergic rhinitis may have dark circles, or use the palm hand to tighten the nose trying relieve itching (What is known as “the greeting allergic).

Cough caused by mucus that down by the posterior throat.

“Cual is the cause of allergic rhinitis?

Allergic rhinitis is due to substances causing allergies called allergens. The allergens may be within home. When rhinitis is allergic allergen External common as mold or pollen trees, grasses and herbs, usually called allergic Seasonal or fever hay. ”

Rhinitis also allergic may be due allergens present in homes, and dander animals (small skin flakes saliva), fungus d e interior, ex increments of cockroaches or mites house dust (Tiny creatures found in houses).

If you have symptoms spring is likely allergic to pollen trees. If symptoms in summer probably allergic to pollen pasture grasses and herbs.

If you have symptoms in late summer and autumn probably Pollen aller GICO of trees.

Loa mites, mold and dander animals (saliva or skin flakes) cause symptoms Throughout the year.

An allergist / immunologist can testing of allergy skin to decide allergens cause of their symptoms.

What options there treatment?

The antihistamines and nasal spray is found in stores can something to help principle, but may have ef side ect unpleasant. These Antihistamines can cause tiredness and spray nose can worsen congestion. The nasal spray and Antihistamines prescribed by your doctor is a different type of medicine, and are very helpful control symptoms. Some safe for young children and all are safe for adults.

Your allergist / immunologist determine the medicine and Health Matters more suitable for you.

What are shots allergies?

For some patients, injections allergy, also called immunotherapy are very useful, and safe. Injections allergy help the body handle allergens.

Perhaps your doctor will talk about shots if your allergy symptoms are allergic strong or very strong whether the experience to Throughout the year, if not respond well to medication or if due to allergens difficult to avoid as pollens flowers or Ácrings house dust.

I can do something for avoid rhinitis allergic?

You can make some changes in house could contribute to improve symptoms: Although it is better not pets if have allergic rhinitis, if you wash your pet (With hair) a once a week and no enter leaves bedroom and keeps removed from the bedroom, the situation may improvement.

Put pillows mattresses within plastic bags sealed to prevent mites, and wash the sheets with water hot once week. Washers Laundry no torque sufficient water loa kill mites.

Keep windows closed. If possible, use a the air conditioning and dehumidifier to that there are so many pollens and molds in the home.

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Food Allergy

Thursday, April 22nd, 2010

Food allergies or allergies to food are common in children than in adults. Anyone who is allergic to other things, such as birch pollen, may also be allergic to certain foods. The best treatment is to avoid foods you are allergic to. In case of severe allergic reactions, you should seek care urgently.

Allergies or food intolerances are common in pediatric patients. Most children have mild reactions that disappear when they get older. There are also adults who are allergic to various foods.

Allergy and intolerance are different types of hypersensitivity. Are you allergic immune system reacts against the topic you are in contact with. Intolerance also a reaction, but then it is not immune to react.

Most people who have a food allergy, allergic to one or more of the following foods: eggs, milk, fish, shellfish, strawberries, legumes (soy beans, peanuts and peas), nuts or cereals.

Cross Reactions

Anyone who is allergic can get so-called cross-reactions and react to different foods. Cross-reaction is due to certain substances similar to the substance you are allergic to. It is not all that may cross-reactions and you do not respond to all subjects on the charts. Do you suffer from any one source of nourishment, you can continue to eat it.

  • Allergy to birch pollen may cause cross-reactions to apple, hazelnut, kiwi, cherries, almonds, raw carrot, peach, plum, apricot, raw potatoes, pears, celery.
  • Allergy to mugwort may cause reactions if you eat anise, curry, fennel, chamomile, coriander, cumin, sage, carrots, peppers, parsley, celery, mustard, sunflower seeds, garlic.
  • Allergy to latex (rubber) may cause reactions if you eat avocado, banana, peanut, chestnut, kiwi, cherries, nectarines, plums.

Symptoms of food allergy

Are you allergic to any foodstuff, symptoms may come within minutes or hours after you take the food. The symptoms may appear as:

  • Itching and swelling of the mouth and lips.
  • Stuffy nose or runny nose.
  • Asthma.
  • Vomiting, diarrhea or stomach cramps.
  • Itchy rash, eczema or fluid-filled blisters.
  • Headache, fatigue and irritability.
  • Anaphylaxis is the most severe reaction and a dangerous condition. Blood pressure falls and there is strong public influence. To a person, an anaphylaxis is rare, but if it happens you need care right away. Call 112.

Prevent Food Allergy

Breastfeed your baby if you can. Breastfeeding has many beneficial effects, including the transfer of antibodies important for your child to help it to better cope with infections. However, it is not clear that it can reduce the risk that the child developing allergies.

Self-care

Avoid the substances that trigger the allergy. For some allergic people it is enough to be exposed to a very small part of the food they are allergic or hypersensitive. So be careful when handling food and avoiding the “contagion down” with food substances that you or someone else is allergic to.

Children who are allergic should not be exposed to tobacco smoke.

Ask for advice

Do you have questions about allergies or are unsure how to do this around the clock, you can ask a nurse via the Internet and get a personal response within two hours by logging in to My Contacts care. Click on the link to the right.

You can also round the clock to talk to a nurse and get advice, call the Care Guide on the phone 08-320 100th Those who respond can also talk about who is your family doctor.

In other languages

  • For advice on the Arabic call 08-528 528 38th
  • For advice on the Bosnian, Croatian or Serbian call 08-528 528 96th

Find Care

Medical Center

Please contact your GP if you experience reactions that you think may be allergic to food.

Emergency hospital

Do you or someone in your vicinity serious symptoms such as respiratory distress or anaphylaxis, you should contact the hospital’s emergency room or call 112. Shock may result from a severe allergic reaction, it is then called anaphylaxis.

The address and telephone number of a kind reception, go to Find Health Care at the top of the page. You can also contact some receptions and order a time via the Internet. Click on My care contacts on the right.

Investigation of Food Allergy

There is no simple test to find out if someone is allergic to food. You may talk about your symptoms and if you have other allergies to find out whether they are cross-reactions.

To find out what you are allergic to, you can keep a födoämnesdagbok careful where you write down what you eat, what foods you react to and how you react.

The next step in the investigation may be to you during a period completely avoid a food that you react to. After that you re-eat food to see if you are experiencing any symptoms.

Skin prick test and blood tests may also help determine if you are allergic. The results in themselves may not prove food allergy, but with other parts of the investigation can skin tests and blood tests to be a help.

Treatment of food allergy

You can not cure food allergy. The best treatment is to avoid the substances you are allergic to. Allergy to milk and eggs but usually heal in two to three children before the age of three. Mild allergy in children to peanuts, tree nuts and soy can heal with time.

There are drugs that can relieve symptoms arising from allergic reactions, for example, reduce itching.

When you have needs, you can get the help of a dietitian to find foods to replace those you are allergic to and put up a diet that fits you.

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Asthma in Children

Thursday, April 22nd, 2010

Asthma is an inflammatory disease characterized by mucus formation and the muscles surrounding the airways drag themselves into convulsions and obstruct breathing. Contact the care of the child has a stuffed into his chest, heavy breathing and wheezing or prolonged cough.

Asthma has become a common disease in Sweden, today has about eight percent of all schoolchildren asthma. Many children have periods of asthma during childhood which then goes over. It is less than half that develop chronic asthma.

Asthma is a hereditary disease. Today, however, diagnosed asthma in more than can be explained by hereditary factors. Children who have allergies, like pollen, fur or mite allergy also suffer more frequently. Asthma can range from very serious symptom of mild transient symptoms rapidly. Asthma can be triggered by allergic reactions and of various substances that irritate the airways to drifting dust, cigarette smoke and noxious gases, and raw and cold weather, exertion, respiratory infections and more.

Most have a mild to moderate asthma. Severe asthma provides a powerful, sometimes life-threatening asthma attacks that can lead to frequent hospitalizations.

Symptoms

Asthma manifests itself in heavy breathing, wheezing, cough, viscous mucus and the feeling was stopped in his chest. Symptoms may be difficult to distinguish from bronchitis and chronic colds.

Asthma attacks can range from several minutes to several hours, but can sometimes last for several days. Discomfort is usually worse late at night and early morning.

Untreated, inflammation of the bronchial mucosa lead to chronic effects, with prolonged constriction of the airways that results.

Ask for advice

If you are unsure of what to do around the clock, you can ask a nurse via the Internet and get a personal response within two hours by logging in to My Contacts care. Here are answers all who ask.

You can also round the clock to talk to a nurse and get advice, call the Care Guide on the phone 08-320 100th Those who respond can also talk about who is your family doctor.

For advice on the Arabic call 08-528 528 38th

For advice on the Bosnian, Croatian or Serbian call 08-528 528 96th

Find Care

You should contact an emergency room if your child has:

  • heavy breathing and wheezing in combination with the viscous mucus
  • the feeling was stopped in his chest.

You should consult your health care center if your child has:

  • prolonged cough.

The address and telephone number of a kind reception, go to Find Health Care. You can also contact some receptions and order a time via the Internet. Click on My care contacts.

Investigation and treatment

If your doctor suspects asthma made a thorough investigation of the child. Often also takes into account the child’s environment, for example if they have fur. Sometimes it is also measured lung capacity.

If asthma is due to allergy, it is important to try to remove all allergens from the child’s environment and also provide information on preschool and school if the child’s symptoms.

Pharmaceuticals

In asthma there are many effective medications that are both symptoms and prevention depressant. The symptoms depressant medication dissolves the seizures of bronchial muscles. Preventive medications reduce

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Dermatology

Monday, April 19th, 2010

Dermatology is a specialty of medicine concerned with knowledge and study of human skin and of diseases affect it. This specialty is also concerned prevention of illness and the preservation or recovery of normal skin as well as devoted dermocosmetics hygiene, appearance and protection skin.

Examples of some areas of study and dedication We emphasize specialty.

Eczema: The eczema is a disease superficial skin inflammation (dermatitis) that produce itching, redness, blistering, swelling and exudation of serous fluid. Research of eczema requires testing Allergy whose interpretation requires special dedication and knowledge.

Skin cancer: Inside of Dermatology is very important to study tumors. Dermatologists are involved both basic studies to treat cancer to understand the problem of cancer in laboratory clinical oncology as applied to human beings in the diagnosis, treatment and general management of patients with this disease as well as to the important work of prevention. In Today there are many forms of treatment ranging from surgery to new resources doctors, as the use of antitumor agents from which include photodynamic therapy chemotherapy and use of biological response modifiers among many others

Pediatric Dermatology: Dermatology should take into account the different stages of man lifetime to recognize its variations. Of these, one of the most important is the children’s age as to the special and delicate constitution of the skin of children is compounded by the possibility of diseases of childhood, difficult recognized for the non-specialist.

Photobiology: The light, especially sunlight, plays an essential role in many diseases skin. This has led to the development the fields of photobiology, the fotodiagnóstico and phototherapy. This dermatology is dedicated both to research and development of new treatments and diagnostic methods for these complex diseases.

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs): An STD is a disease that is transmitted from one person infected person to another through contact or through direct contact with infected fluids. They are called ETS because the spread is mainly through sexual contact, including contact oral, anal and vaginal. STDs affect mainly the genital area but can also affect other parts of the body, either through direct contact or the extension thereof. The study of ETS is one of the more classical areas specialty called Venereology and includes in dermatology due to the large number of cutaneous manifestations that present this such diseases.

Dermatopathology: The particular dynamics of the specialty has that dermatologists have been interested in dermatopathologist examination. For a correct approach dermatologist integrates clinical information with microscopic observations of biopsy the patient. The test is not dermatopathologist simply a laboratory test. Interpretation exact microscopic biopsy is important in the selection of appropriate therapies.

Mycology: The fungi and yeasts are capable of causing many various forms of infections of the skin, hair and nails. Dermatologists know different techniques for the rapid diagnosis and correct such diseases as are the direct examination and mycological culture

Trichology: A dermatologist is the most appropriate specialist for diagnosis and treatment of diseases hair as it focus on the study hair diseases and their prevention, including aspects of basic research, clinical diagnostic techniques, medical therapy, surgery leather hair and cosmetic aspects.

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What is a cardiologist?

Monday, April 19th, 2010


Cardiologists are physicians who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases heart and blood vessels: the cardiovascular system. You can also consult a cardiologist to know more about risk factors cardiovascular and find out what action may be taken to improve cardiovascular health. The Cardiologists the Texas Heart Institute (THI) appear in the professional staff directory.

When one is faced with a complex disease such as heart disease, it is important to find the most appropriate specialist. A diagnosis of cardiac or vascular disease often begins with the primary care physician, who refers the patient to a cardiologist. The cardiologist evaluates the symptoms and medical history and can recommend studies for a more accurate diagnosis. Then, the cardiologist decides if he can treat it with drugs or other treatments available. If the cardiologist decides that the patient needs surgery, will refer you to a cardiovascular surgeon, Who specializes in heart surgery, lung and blood vessels. The patient remains under the care of cardiologist even when it is referred to other specialists.

Cardiology is a complex field, so many cardiologists specialize in different areas. All cardiologists are clinical cardiologists who are dedicated to diagnosis, drug therapy (using drugs) and prevention of cardiovascular disease. Some clinical cardiologists specialize in pediatric cardiology, which is the diagnosis and treatment of heart problems in children. Clinical cardiologists treat only adult patients specialize in adult cardiology. Other clinical cardiologists may specialize in interventional procedures (balloon angioplasty and stenting), echocardiography and electrophysiology.

Cardiologists at the Texas Heart Institute at St. Luke’s Episcopal Hospital study and develop techniques for the treatment of cardiac and vascular diseases. More detailed information (in English) in section Summary of Research(Research Summary). For historical examples of our innovations, see Cardiology at THI.

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What is anesthesia

Monday, April 19th, 2010

In one operation, you either general anesthesia, anesthesia or a combination of anesthesia and anesthesia.
In general anesthetic so you can sleep. The stunning, you are awake but can be relaxed so that means you slumber.
During anesthesia all the time you supervised by a nurse anesthetist or an anesthesiologist.
Anaesthetic Department is divided into 4 stations

- Anesthesia surgery
- Anesthesia, orthopedics, hand surgery
- Anesthesia, gynecology / obstetrics, urology
- Anesthesia, plastic surgery, ear, eye, dental surgery, psychiatry

Anaesthetic Clinic

On the anesthesia clinic, you will meet an anesthetist. The anaesthesiologist performing the preoperative assessment and select the anesthetic method that suits you and your operation.

Houses for anesthesia

It is important to be fasted before surgery because there is otherwise a risk of vomiting associated with anesthesia introduction.

If you come to the hospital for an elective surgery!

  1. You may not eat any solid food after midnight
  2. You can take liquid food until 6 hours before anesthesia
  3. You may drink clear fluid (water, juice, apple juice) until
    to 2 h before anesthesia
  4. Infants and children under 1 year may drink breast milk and infant formula up to 4 hours before surgery



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Allergy (Hypersensitivity)

Monday, April 19th, 2010

Allergy and other hypersensitivity means that the body reacts to substances that we humans normally tolerate. Disorders due to hypersensitivity, you often in the eyes, nose, airways, gastrointestinal and skin. There is much you can do yourself to reduce symptoms. Contact care if you have difficulty breathing or if you have symptoms that do not go over.

Allergy and hypersensitivity

Allergy is included in the concept of hypersensitivity. The term stands for many different reactions that you may have of substances and environmental factors that we would normally tolerate. Hypersensitivity can be divided into allergic and non-allergic hypersensitivity. Here we report on allergic sensitization.

Allergic hypersensitivity is caused by immunological mechanisms. The immune system normally has a duty to protect the body against bacteria, viruses and parasites. Allergic sensitization can often confirm with various allergy tests.

If you have a hereditary tendency, known as atopy, you have an increased risk of developing allergies.

The most common allergies

Here are some of the most common allergies:

  • Rhinitis
  • Food allergy (food allergy)
  • Fur Allergy
  • Mites Allergy
  • Contact allergy with eczema
  • Bee and wasp sting allergy

You can read more about each allergy by clicking on links on the right.

Allergic reaction

When an allergy the first time in contact with such allergens, allergens, can start a reaction in the body that trigger allergic symptoms. You can be allergic to one or more allergens such as pollen, dust mites and animals.

The first time the body is exposed to an allergen production of antibodies that stick to a certain type of cells, mast cells. Next time you breathe in the allergen attaches to the antibodies on the mast cells. Mast cells are inter alia in the skin and in airway mucosa.

Mast cells then release from, among other things histamine affecting recipients, receptors in the mucous membranes and you have an allergic reaction. The mucous membranes of the nose and swollen eyes and itchy skin. Mucus production increases and you are sneezy. Airways swells, muscles to constrict and mucus glands produce, which makes you cough and, at worst, suffer shortness of breath, asthma.

Cross Reactions

Those who are allergic can have so-called cross-reactions and react to different foods. Cross-reaction is due to certain substances similar to the substance you are allergic to. It is not all that may cross-reactions and you do not respond to all subjects on the charts. Do you suffer from any one source of nourishment, you can continue to eat it.

Common cross-allergy is mainly itching in the mouth of the following foods:

  • Allergy to birch pollen may cause cross-reactions of apricot, hazelnut, kiwi, cherries, almonds, carrots, peaches, plums, potatoes, pears, celery, apple.
  • Allergy to mugwort may cause reactions if you eat anise, curry, fennel, chamomile, coriander, cumin, sage, carrots, peppers, parsley, celery, mustard, sunflower seeds, garlic.
  • Allergy to latex (rubber) may cause reactions if you eat avocado, banana, peanut, chestnut, kiwi, cherries, nectarines, plums.

Symptoms

Allergic symptoms, you get in your eyes, nose, respiratory tract, gastrointestinal tract and skin. The most common allergy affecting the airway.

Common allergic symptoms:

  • Lower respiratory: asthma with attacks of breathlessness, cough and wheezing
  • The nose: sneezing, itching, nasal congestion and runny nose
  • Eyes: itching and redness
  • Skin: hives, swelling, redness, blistering, peeling, cracking and dermatitis

Non-allergic symptoms

The signs of non-allergic näsbesvär is roughly the same. Such problems can you get to irritants and temperature changes, or if you have a cold.

Self-care

If you are allergic, it is important that you learn to live with your allergy to feel as good as possible. There is much you can do yourself to reduce the symptoms:

  • In pollen allergy, it is good to follow pollen reports in newspapers and on radio. During the summer months there is also pollen report on Care Guide website. Read more in the article on pollen allergy, see the link to the upper right.
  • Close windows and take preventive medication when pollenhalterna is high.
  • Do not use clothing or jewelry that you may contact dermatitis of. Are you allergic to preservatives and fragrances, there are special allergy-free hygiene and cleaning products to buy.
  • Avoid foods you are allergic to.
  • Stop smoking. Smoking impairs respiratory symptoms. Aids to quit smoking is a prescription at the pharmacy. In many clinics are smoking cessation courses.

Find Care

Hospital emergency rooms

The rapidly emerging difficulties in breathing, you should seek immediate emergency medical treatment.

Medical Center

Contact your GP if you experience:

  • respiratory symptoms as wheezing, wheezing or persistent cough without a cold
  • skin irritation that does not disappear
  • itching and / or watery eyes
  • runny nose, sneezing, the stuffy nose without a cold
  • long-standing problems with nausea, loose stools and stomach-ache
  • If you have questions about allergies and intolerances

The address and telephone number of a kind reception, go to Find Health Care. You can also contact some receptions and order a time via the Internet. Click on My care contacts.

Investigation

The first step in an allergy study is that the physician carefully identify the disease history. It is important to investigate what caused the symptoms to alleviate and prevent them.

To find out if you have an allergy can be a simple skin test, known as skin tests. When the test dot dropped some of the most common allergenic substances in the lower inner arm. A blunt needle is pushed gently through the straw so that the allergen entering the skin. If you are allergic to the subject area is a bit red and swollen.

One can also take blood tests to check for allergy antibodies in the blood. The respiratory problems are examined lung function by spirometry study. Read more in the article on spirometry study.

Treatment

The goal of treatment is that you can live as normal a life as possible without having to limit your daily life. Treatment usually consists of both medication and environmental improvement measures. At such fur allergy, it is important that, wherever possible, reduce contact with the fur. The mite allergy can be a so-called protection of mite mattress and pillow might be an option.

Pharmaceuticals

There are many good medicines. They can be divided into two groups: prevention and mitigation. There are medicines for different types of hypersensitivity, such as in allergic rhinitis or allergic inflammation of the conjunctiva.

Immunology

When our immune system encounters foreign substances, such as bacteria and viruses, it forms antibodies to these substances. Immunoglobulin antibody is the active component in blood plasma.

Primary immunodeficiency

Some people have a defect in their immune system which means that their antibody production completely or partially absent (PID). This means that they become highly susceptible to bacterial infections in particular and also find it hard to combat the infections they suffer. They may be lengthy and repeated infections, pneumonia. Eventually, the chronic damage in the airways and lungs.

The regular administration of immunoglobulin, their resistance to infection significantly improved and the risk of chronic injuries avoided.

Immune Modulation

Some diseases are caused in whole or in part by immunological mechanisms. In some individuals an imbalance in the immune system, for example, which can lead to increased risk of bleeding (eg, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, ITP).

An imbalance in the immune system can also cause specific diseases that cause inflammation in the body’s nerves and organs
(Eg Guillain-Barre Syndrome).

These diseases are called with a common concept and autoimmune diseases involving the immune system mistakenly perceives the body’s own tissues (eg neurons) as foreign and therefore attacks and destroys them.

It is not yet entirely clear how the flow of immunoglobulins in these cases affects the mistaken immune response. Probably, however, several mechanisms that work together to neutralize and regulate the faulty immune system and thereby restoring the immunological balance. This type of treatment known as immune modulation.

Rh-immunization

Rh-negative – what is it?
On the red blood cells are a variety of topics attached. Some of these are those underlying the division into different blood group systems, the most famous is the AB0 system, rhesus (Rh) system.

Rh system most significant factor is called the Rh factor, or D-factor (hence the name anti-D immunoglobulin). Approximately 85% of the Swedish population has this element and are called Rh-positive (Rh +) while 15% lack this and are called Rh negative (Rh-).

If an Rh-negative woman is pregnant with an Rh-positive fetus (which can happen if the husband is Rh-positive) may be Rh-factor on fetal blood cells stimulate the woman’s immune system to produce antibodies which are directed against the Rh factor. The pregnant woman can then be Rh immunized. This is done primarily at the end of pregnancy and during labor. By adding anti-D immunoglobulin to Rh-negative woman immediately after birth can prevent immunization.

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