Depression in older

Depression is more common in older than in younger so the risk of illness increases with age . Depression is a disease that affects five percent of the population . Several factors contribute to the onset of depression , such as altered sensitivity of the brain . This can include the gene and also external factors may be relevant . For those who suffer from other diseases , the risk is greater . Depression can manifest itself as anxiety, sleep problems , depressed mood and life lead . There are effective treatments , including drugs .

Depression in the elderly is related to certain factors that have particular relevance :

  • As we age reduces the levels of neurotransmitters in the brain . These substances regulate, among other things, sorrow , joy , anxiety , sleep and appetite .
  • Changes in the brain after stroke .
  • External pressures , such as when a relative dies , loneliness , financial problems or abuse .
  • Disease .
  • Lack of nutrients essential for brain function, such as fatty acids , vitamin B12 and folic acid .
  • Some medications can help trigger depression .

The risk of other diseases may increase for those who are depressed . Physical illness can also increase the risk of depression .

Symptoms

There is effective treatment for depression , but many older people without help . Therefore it is important that relatives and carers are alert to signs of depression .

Many of the symptoms in the elderly who are depressed is the same as in younger . Typical psychological characters can be :

  • Lowered mood . Nothing feels funny or engaging. Things that previously gave pleasure sensations , for example, in the outdoors, music or literature loses its meaning.
  • Anxiety and worry that often feels particularly strong on the night or early morning .
  • Insomnia .
  • Loss of appetite .
  • It is difficult to deal with everyday chores , everything is slow and it was hard to do even simple chores .
  • When the depression could become deep emotions of life to lead .

Older people suffer more frequently from more somatic symptoms of depression . Physical symptoms that may occur are :

  • strong fatigue
  • headache
  • dizziness
  • breathlessness
  • palpitations
  • pain in muscles, joints , back , stomach , intestines and heart .

Depression and dementia may be more symptoms to be equal . Those who suffer from dementia often have disruptions in short-term memory , difficulty with speech or motor skills problems and to orient themselves in space and time .

Investigation

There are tests that can determine whether a person suffering from depression or dementia . Assessment and tests carried out in psychiatry may also be supplemented by various studies of the brain and other samples .

Treatment

Pharmaceuticals

The elderly suffer from depression are treated in much the same way as younger . Treatment is often with medicines that improve the neurotransmitters in the brain , combined with social assistance and call or psychotherapy .

If the depression is severe can sometimes be used electrotherapy .

Depression in the elderly may be due to several different things and therefore need treatment often contain several different elements .

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