Depression

Depression differ from occasional sadness (“bit down” or “depressed”). Being depressed is usually temporary, it is a natural and understandable reaction usually in different life situations. It is only when the unit becomes more deeply depressed and persistent, and occur daily over at least two weeks, as there may be a depression.

A depression can occur without any clear cause. But it can also be triggered by various external events, such as prolonged physical pain, family problems, grief or other pressures. Both biological factors and difficult experiences earlier in life can increase vulnerability and increased risk of depression in adulthood. Frequently interacts and contributes many factors to depression.

A depression can also be an early sign of a physical illness, such as dementia, Cardiovascular disease or lack of thyroid hormone.

Depression can lead to disability and to do it, for example, becomes difficult to cope with a job.

Around ten percent of the population is estimated to have had a depression in recent years. Women are affected more often than men. If you have had a depression, the risk of re-developing the disease approximately 50 percent.

Here at VĂ„rdguiden.se you can read more about:

depression in young

depression in elderly

depression associated with childbirth

seasonal affective disorder

Symptoms of depression A depression can be of varying difficulty and give varying, sometimes very severe, symptoms. If you have a depression, it is common that you:

feel depressed. Nothing feels particularly meaningful or funny anymore. Sometimes you feel hopeless and that you will never be able to be happy again.

may be difficult to take up and deal with things.

may be impaired memory, and hard to concentrate.

get restless.

feel Anxiety and is easily irritated.

feel worthless and have severe feeling of guilt.

loss of appetite and may possibly go down in weight.

is very tired, even though you are sleeping.

have sleeping problems, for example, that you wake up early with anxiety and worry.

You can also have physical signs of anxiety and depressive disorders, for example:

shortness of breath

palpitations

For example, pain in muscles.

A deep depression can lead to recurrent thoughts about having an incurable disease or are about to suffer an economic crisis. These tanks are almost always exaggerated, sometimes even completely erroneous. It is difficult and sometimes nearly impossible for the depressed person to understand this, even though family and friends often declare the contrary.

That often think about death and have suicidal thoughts is part of the clinical picture at a deeper depression. In more severe cases may lead to suicide attempts and suicide.

At bipolar disorder occurring episodes of depression, interspersed with periods of elevated mood. Bipolar disorder is also known as manic depression.

Prevent Depression If you have been depressed, you can reduce the risk of recidivism through counseling or medication. Knowledge about the disease also increases your ability to manage it.

If you learn to recognize “warning signs” you can reduce the risk of getting sick again by doing the things that makes you feel good. It can for example be to meet with family and friends or to exercise regularly. Although it receives so it is very important that you do not drag yourself away and become passive. It increases the risk of suffering from depression again.

Find Care Please contact your GP if you suspect that you have had a depression. In order to avoid the depression becomes worse, it is good to seek help early. If the depression becomes deeper and you get suicidal thoughts, it is very important that you seek help immediately. Then please contact as soon as your GPand a psychiatric outpatient.

The address and telephone number of a kind of reception can be found under Find Health Care. You can also contact some receptions and order a time via the Internet. Click on the link My care contacts.

Treatment of Depression The doctor makes a diagnosis based on your symptoms and your symptoms. What you get for treatment partly depends on how deep your depression is.

Often so-called rating scales to see how your treatment is working. The rating scale or type in your doctor how you feel, then you can see how the treatment goes over time. There are two types of rating scales, one for your doctor and one for you. These can be used together or individually.

Mild to moderate depression treated with Psychotherapy. Among other things, cognitive psychotherapy and Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) have shown good results.

You can treat CBT via the Internet. You will then see a doctor for assessment and treatment you have contact with a psychologist on the Internet.

Other psychological treatments, such as interpersonal therapy and mindfulness, Have scientific support for their effects.

Is depression depth may ECT treatment be most effective and quickest means. ECT is an abbreviation for electroconvulsive therapy. It is also known as electroconvulsive therapy.

Pharmaceuticals

A moderate or severe depression treated with drugs. Drug treatment is often combined with psychotherapy. Learn more about recommended drugs for depression.

Advice for relatives It is important to support from family and friends. If you have a relative who is depressed, you can provide support by being present, listen and show understanding. You may also can help with practical things in everyday life, like cooking or washing.

But as a relative maybe you need support. There you can get from a support organization, such as Association of Balance. Aid organizations can give you information and help you make contact with others in a similar situation. If your relative already has contact with health care, you can also get support from the staff responsible for your relative’s care.

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