Hiv/aids and it’s Symptoms,prevention,Treatment

HIV damages the immune system. Early signs can include fever, sore throat, swollen lymph nodes, ulceration of the mucous membranes and skin rash. For most it will take several years before the disease shows. The virus does not infect the hugs, kisses and the usual social contacts. Condoms are very safe for protection during sex. Search care if you think HIV / AIDS.

HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. It is a virus that harms the body’s immune system.

HIV is spread in an ongoing worldwide epidemic. Situation is most serious in many developing countries, but also developed countries are affected. In the current situation greatly increases the spread in Eastern Europe, Russia and central Asia.

The disease is fatal if not treated.

HIV infection does not heal spontaneously without the infected person carries the virus for life. An HIV-infected individual’s infectivity decreases if the treatment is very successful.
Symptoms of HIV

It is common that at the beginning did not notice that you have been infected by HIV. Usually it takes many years before any signs appear. You can have different and varying symptoms, such as:

* periods of fever
* weight loss
* various skin rashes
* fungi in the mouth.

A few people have the infection, transient symptoms that vary.

The damage to the immune system usually develops slowly. After five to ten years of infection, the immune system can no longer protect the body against various bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites. If a person has an HIV infection is already in treatment when the immune system is weakened a bit. The treatment makes the immune deficiency never develop, therefore, incurred no symptoms or diseases.

Today, more than half of patients diagnosed with HIV in Sweden is already greatly weakened immune system. This means that they have an increased risk for severe symptoms and a higher risk of dying. Most of these patients has led to the infection for many years.

The infection can easily be determined by a blood test, whether you feel sick or not.
HIV prevention

You protect yourself from HIV by avoiding contact with the virus through blood, semen and vaginal secretions. Condom during intercourse is a very good protection against HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases. To have “safe sex” is also a good way to protect themselves.

There is no vaccine against the disease. Some vaccines are also not in sight.

Blood donors are tested for HIV. It does not spread the infection through blood transfusion.

Pregnant women offered HIV test. If a pregnant woman found to have HIV to prevent infection by the child that the woman may hivbehandling, the birth is by caesarean section and that the child may hivläkemedel after birth. See also the link HIV in pregnant women.

People who put on the wound, or otherwise may come into contact with blood, to use plastic gloves or equivalent. If blood, semen, vaginal secretions or other body fluids from an HIV-positive person comes to skin wounds, mucous membranes or eyes that will be washed or rinsed off as soon as possible. Hivkunnig doctor should be contacted immediately. The doctor will then decide whether hivläkemedel will be provided, so-called postexpositions prophylaxis.

Virus is transmitted mostly through sexual intercourse and through blood. It may, for example by blood transfusion, needle stick injuries when or if several people use the same syringe.

An HIV-positive woman can infect her baby during childbirth and breastfeeding if she is not successfully treated.

A successful treatment is when there is detectable virus in their blood. The risk of HIV spreading further significant reduction in successful treatment. These people, however, according to the Communicable Diseases Act is still seen as potentially infectious.

The virus does not infect the social interactions and HIV-infected persons need not be afraid to infect friends, relatives or children in their surroundings.
Find Care

If you suspect that you have HIV infection, it is very important to make a blood test. You can do this free of charge at various clinics:

* health center
* infectious disease clinic at Karolinska University Hospital
* clinic
* hospital sex and cohabitation Entertainment (SESAME)
* skin and venmottagning
* RFSU reception
* Venhälsan at Söder Hospital.

The address and telephone number of a kind reception you will find the links or Find Health Care. You can also contact some receptions and order a time via e-Care Guide Service My health care contacts.

You are currently testing the right to remain anonymous, that is, you do not have to reveal your identity. The answer comes in about a week after sampling. No signal can refuse to test you and you do not need to explain why you want to test you.

To get a definite answer on the blood test should have been three months of the suspected infection. It is for that HIV infection sometimes can not be seen in the blood until three months after infection, although infection can be seen in the vast majority of two to three weeks.

At some clinics, such as Sesame, Venhälsan and infection clinic at Karolinska University Hospital, can test themselves with the quick reply. It means that the test result is usually ready after an hour. But it must still be passed three months after infection before HIV can be excluded with certainty.
Treatment of HIV

There is currently no treatment that cures the infection and remove the virus from the body. However, there are effective drugs that reduce the amount of virus and slow down the disease. They are called anti-retroviral drugs. Most of time reading to the immune system recovers completely. Most people who get treatment may continue with their work and lead a normal life.

It now feels that the medication against HIV must be life long.

Earlier gave retroviral drugs side effects. Today, side effects are largely reduced. The treatment has also become easier, many need only take one or a few tablets. The medication must be managed carefully to avoid the virus to become resistant to medicines.

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