Ovarian cancer rarely gives some typical symptoms and is therefore difficult to detect. The cause is unclear but the number of ovulating seems to have significance. Ovarian tumors can be benign. Contact reception on gynecological abdomen increased in size, if you have newcomers vague abdominal discomfort or if you need to urinate frequently but that you have a urinary tract infection.
Ovarian cancer is most common among women 60-70 years old, but the spread is high and the disease also occurs in the young. In Sweden, the incidence of ovarian cancer declined and now affects about 800 women annually.
The cause of ovarian cancer is unclear. The number of ovulating during a woman’s lifetime is considered to have an effect. Women who had their first menstrual late or coming in early menopause, and women who have given birth to many children, have a reduced risk of developing ovarian cancer.
Symptoms of ovarian cancer
Ovarian cancer is an insidious process. The first signs that something is wrong may be more diffuse stomach and upset stomach in the form of nausea and pain. You may also need to urinate more often because the bladder is exposed to increased pressure. If instead the pressure is on the gut you may need to defecate more often than usual.
It is important to remember that even benign cysts can produce similar symptoms with a sense of weight in the abdomen and pain in the abdomen.
Because of the vague symptoms of ovarian cancer is often detected late. It is important to take symptoms seriously and to undergo a gynecological examination in unclear abdominal discomfort.
Ovarian cancer can spread to the other ovary, uterus, fallopian tubes, peritoneum of the pelvis and then on to other organs in the abdominal cavity. Cancer cells can also be via lymph and blood spread to other parts of the body.
You should contact the clinic for gynecological examination if you feel the abdomen increased in size, the newly vague abdominal symptoms and the increased urine frequency without urinary tract infection.
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In order to detect ovarian cancer is not due until a gynecological examination, supplemented by an ultrasound of the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries. In unclear cases, different types of radiological studies to be present.
If the suspicion of cancer remains after these studies, it will be up to date with an abdominal operation. Then the doctor takes pieces of tissue to determine if the tumor is benign or malignant.
Treatment for ovarian cancer
There are different types of tumors of the ovary. There are benign tumors, malignant tumors (ovarian cancer) but also a third group, known as borderline tumors.
It is unclear whether borderline tumors could ultimately develop into ovarian cancer or if there is a different disease. Borderline tumors are rarely malignant and have a good prognosis. Most cases of borderline tumors are treated only surgically. If the woman wishes to preserve its ability to bear children, it can sometimes be enough to only the affected ovary is removed.
Patients with suspected ovarian cancer should always be operated. The purpose of surgery is to ensure the diagnosis and to see if the cancer has spread. The operation takes, whether it is possible, including the ovaries and uterus removed.
After surgery usually require further treatment in the form of chemotherapy. This treatment is given kurvis for about half a year.
Women who have had their ovaries removed in menopause if they have not already passed that stage.
For some women, the loss of the uterus and ovaries, together with the knowledge that they can not bear children, a great sadness. Most, however, regaining a good quality of life.