47% of patients with asthma do not manage your disease

47% of patients with asthma not control their disease and 26% did not follow any treatment. These are data from the Spanish Guidelines for Asthma Management (GEMA), in its edition for 2009, which said Dr. Carlos Melero, coordinator of the Asthma Society of Pneumology Madrid (Neumomadrid), to mark the World Day Asthma.

These patients suffer the symptoms “needlessly” because with proper treatment, “95% of cases can have a normal life,” said the doctor. The problem is that patients “are not treated adequately or stop treatment as soon notice a modest improvement,” said Melero. Most asthmatics “abandon the basic treatment and rely only rescue medication when they have crises,” he said in this regard. He therefore recommended to patients with asthma who always follow “doctor’s orders, since according to improve symptoms can make adjustments in medication.”

When stability is not achieved in the control of asthma, “increases the risk of patients suffering from symptoms, sudden crises, hospitalizations, 12 000 patients every day go to the hospital in Europe, or even that they can die,” said the doctor. It is important to be aware if you are experiencing on a regular asthma symptoms as breathlessness, wheezing, chest tightness, coughing or bronchial secretions, and whether the patient has nighttime awakenings due to this cause, a crisis that requires hospitalization, often need to resort to rescue medication or is unable to maintain normal activity levels and misses work, he listed Melero.

The doctor also noted the increased prevalence of this disease in the population of industrialized countries. “Although it is shown that due to pollution, there is evidence that when pollution levels rise, the visits of these patients to the emergency services grow,” he said. Melero said in this sense that the Spanish Society of Pneumology and Thoracic Surgery (SEPAR) wants to remember “the importance of fighting for clean air as an important element in improving the quality of life of asthmatics.”

Melero said that between 2010 and 2012 will be held on the European Respiratory Health Survey (ECRHS III) in Spain. With this third monitoring carried out with the people who participated in the previous study aims to describe the evolution of asthma, rhinitis and sensitization to allergens and identify environmental and genetic determinants.

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