Kidney stones

Kidney stones consist of salt crystals that form in the kidneys . Stones that do not pass out with urine can be either trapped in the kidneys or ureters and cause a kidney stone attack . It will thoroughly evil and you must seek emergency care . Infection and blood in urine may be another sign of kidney stones . Contact your GP if you suspect kidney stones .

Kidney stones can be painful even when the stone is not blocking the outflow from the kidney or ureter . If the stone stops the flow leads to a kidney stone attack that needs emergency treatment .

Patients in Sweden often have kidney stones of calcium salt . Both your eating habits , metabolism and intestinal function influence the formation of crystals . The crystals remain in the kidney may be due to poorly draining urine from the kidney to the bladder .

Men suffer more from kidney stones than women . The risk of getting kidney stones is greatest between the ages of 20-50 years for both men and women .

Symptoms of kidney stones

The most common symptoms of stone in the kidney is prolonged or repeated periods of pain , blood in the urine and sometimes even infection of the urinary tract. Although bacteria may be constantly present in the urine .

The stones may cause superficial damage the lining of the renal pelvis or ureters and blood in the urine from these injuries .

Kidney stones

If the stone blocks the flow from the kidney or ureter , it leads to a kidney stone attack . The pain often comes suddenly . As a rule , they start in one part of the back and radiates up into the abdomen , down to the groin or bladder . You may also feel pain or shiver down toward the vagina . You may also feel sick and vomit .

Preventing kidney stones

If you have had kidney stones should drink at least three liters of fluid per day to dilute the urine and thus reduce the risk of new stone formation . The goal is a urine output of at least two liters per day .


If you receive a kidney stone attack , you need medical help to relieve pain . Are kidney stone five to six millimeters or smaller stone can usually pee out . But the stone may get stuck much longer than that before it comes out . When the stone is lost out through the urethra , it does not feel at all. It may also seem like a shiver when you pee .

If kidney stone is so large that it can not pass out yourself , or if the pain does not go over , you get a referral to the hospital . An X-ray can show where the stone is and how big it is . The size of the stone and the state determines how you choose to remove it.

Of all kidney stones that are discovered must be between 20 and 30 percent is removed by some form of intervention . Relapse is very common . About half of those who suffered from kidney stones suffer again within ten years .

Stone in kidney

More than 80 percent of all stones in the kidney treated with stötvågsteknik . The method is called ESWL , extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy , and requires that the stones are crushed using a blaster . What remains of the stone leaves the body as gravel when you urinate .

Larger stones can be picked out using a tube that is inserted through the skin into the kidney . The method is called percutaneous stenextraktion and can also be combined with ESWL .

Large kidney stones , so -called coral stones , in very rare cases require open surgery .

Stone in ureter

Stones in the ureter can be removed with stötvågsbehandling well as so -called uretäroskopi . Uretäroskopi means that an instrument is inserted through the urethra . The stones can then be decomposed and removed .

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  3. Yulanda Kopelman says:

    Hi, I found out that my estranged father has kidney stones in both kidneys. Treatment hasn’t been decided yet, he is waiting to see a specialist. I’m afraid thats all the information i have! In a 57 year old man, is this at all serious or is it a case of a simple operation? Thank you in advance.

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