Renal failure (uremia)

Renal failure, which can be acute or chronic, meaning that the kidneys are not working properly. Symptoms may include swelling, shortness of breath and high blood pressure. In particular, the state has come quickly, please go back to the emergency room. If symptoms have been more insidious and you are not heavily affected, you should contact your GP.

Renal failure leading to symptoms is called uremia. The permit can be fatal if untreated. In kidney failure, you can get short of breath, convulsions, become confused, dazed and lose consciousness. Renal failure can be either chronic or acute.

In severe renal failure, water can accumulate in the body so as to become swollen and may have difficulty breathing. Blood pressure may rise and you may feel bad because the waste products accumulate and poison the body.

Kidneys job is mainly to maintain the body’s water and salt balance and excrete waste products. In addition, the kidney produces important hormones that regulate blood pressure and the formation of red blood cells.

Chronic renal failure

Chronic renal failure caused by chronic kidney inflammation, and hereditary renal diseases. Although diabetes, hypertension, atherosclerosis and other systemic diseases can lead to chronic renal failure. Chronic renal failure may affect and damage all tissues and organs in the body, such as heart and blood vessels, bone, nerves and muscles.


In chronic renal failure developed progressive disease and symptoms come only after a long illness. A common symptom is that you accumulate fluid, may become swollen and may be high blood pressure.

You may also feel unusually tired and decrepit, have poor appetite and difficulty concentrating. You may look pale due to anemia which is common in chronic renal failure. The whole general condition deteriorates.

Acute renal failure

Acute renal failure caused by various diseases such as kidney inflammation, and conditions where there is an obstacle to urinavflödet, such as prostate enlargement, kidney stones and so on. Acute kidney failure can also occur when too little blood comes to the kidneys, which in dehydration or heart failure. Although certain drugs, which some painkillers, and mushroom poisoning may cause acute renal failure.


The process is much faster in acute renal failure. A sign may be to reduce sharply the amount of urine and in some cases cut off. It happens, however, not always – you can produce as much urine as before even if you get acute renal failure. Other symptoms include poor appetite, nausea, vomiting and malaise.

Without treatment, kidney disease, a difficult person will eventually get short of breath, convulsions, become confused and dazed and finally become unconscious.

Advice for renal failure

It is important to be frugal with salt. Once kidney function has dropped to about one fifth of the normal, there may also be wise to also eat less protein (meat, fish, dairy products). You should never reduce your protein intake without talking to your doctor and a dietician.

Because some drugs can damage the kidneys, you should not take medications without your doctor’s advice. Smoking and high and prolonged use of painkillers increases the risk of renal failure.

Find Care
Hospital emergency rooms

If you suspect you or someone else has fallen ill with severe kidney failure, you should contact the emergency ward in hospital.
Medical Center

For less severe symptoms, believed to be kidney failure, consult your health care center. Some simple tests provide rapid clearance.

The address and telephone number of a kind reception you can find by clicking on Find Health Care.

You can also contact some receptions and order a time via e-Care Guide service My health care contacts.

Investigation of renal failure

Kidney disease can be easily detected by blood tests and urine tests. High levels of toxins in the blood and protein in urine suggest kidney disease. More accurate diagnosis of renal failure determined by ultrasonography of the kidneys and possibly a kidney biopsy. This means that a sample of kidney tissue taken for microscopic examination.

Have you suffered from chronic kidney failure, you need to regularly give blood and urine tests to check the amount of toxins in the blood and the presence of protein in urine. Blood pressure, which rise with kidney disease, should also be carefully controlled.

Treatment of renal failure

The first attempts to treat kidney disease with drugs. With drugs and changing dietary habits can be the body’s fluid and mineral balance normalized.


Becomes severe kidney weight, you must be treated with dialysis or kidney transplantation. Dialysis is a treatment in which the blood is cleansed of waste products artificially. It can be done either in hospital or at home.


At transplantation, the patient is a new kidney from either a relative or a deceased donor. After a kidney transplant requires lifelong treatment with cortisone and chemotherapy for the body not to alienate the foreign body.

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