Urinary tract infection (cystitis, cystitis)

Urinary tract infection which is limited to the bladder is called cystitis. It is common to feel when pee more often than otherwise. You may have pain in my stomach, it can sting when you urinate or you can easily become sick. Sexually transmitted infections can produce similar symptoms, so you should contact the clinic if you have trouble.

Urinary tract infection caused by bacteria. Often do you yourself are already on them. The bacteria which have penetrated into the bladder through the urethra. The infection is not contagious between people.

Most common is coliform bacteria, normally present in the gut and around the anus and that which is completely harmless. Although other bacteria may cause an infection if they come to the bladder, where it usually is not bacteria. Some people have bacteria in the urine without having the inconvenience of this, which is called asymptomatic bakterieuri, and are not usually treated.

If bacteria from the bladder will continue even higher up in the body, through the ureter to the kidney, it can lead to a more severe form of urinary tract infection, renal pelvis inflammation.

For women, cystitis is a common and in most cases, harmless condition. Men are affected more often, because the man’s urethra length provides better protection against bacteria than short women. When women suffer from urinary tract infections are often also infected prostate gland.


Cystitis can come on suddenly with distinct symptoms. More common is that you have mild symptoms, which sometimes grows later. Some common signs:

  • Urgency, you know you pee more often than otherwise.
  • Pain when you urinate.
  • Feeling of not being able to empty the bladder completely.
  • Urine has been cloudy, smelly or blood mixed.
  • Hard to hold urine.
  • Mild nausea or pain in the lower abdomen.


Older people can also become suddenly confused.


Drink enough so that you urinate on a regular basis. When the bladder is flushed properly. When you urinate, it is important that your bladder is emptied completely, otherwise it increases the risk of infection. One trick is to walk around a few steps when you are peeing. You can then try to empty your bladder again.

Some women may often cystitis after intercourse. A tip is when to pee every time.

Do not wash the genital area more frequently than once a day. If you wash up more often may increase the symptoms. Remember that washing and drying should always be done from front to rear to reduce the risk of bacteria from the tail reaches the urethra.

Find Care

Contact your GP for symptoms if you:

  • are a woman and have pronounced or prolonged symptoms
  • it is
  • have children with disorders of the urinary tract or unclear fever
  • is pregnant
  • have diabetes or another illness that makes you more susceptible to infection.
    also have chills or fever over 38 degrees
  • suspect that you have a sexually transmitted disease chlamydia or gonorrhea
  • has blood in urine
  • are older and suddenly become confused or feel generally impaired with no other apparent cause


Occasional mild symptoms in women need not always be treated. Make sure to drink a lot and urinate frequently. Drinking acidic beverages such as juices, can help.

Sexually transmitted diseases chlamydia may cause similar symptoms, so it is important to examine themselves.


A short course of treatment is usually adequate antibiotic therapy for urinary tract infection.

For recurring infections, it is good to switch between different kinds of antibiotics. For older women with fragile mucosa, treatment with estrogens have a good effect. In rare cases, prolonged treatment with antibiotics may be needed.

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