Food Allergy

Food allergies or allergies to food are common in children than in adults. Anyone who is allergic to other things, such as birch pollen, may also be allergic to certain foods. The best treatment is to avoid foods you are allergic to. In case of severe allergic reactions, you should seek care urgently.

Allergies or food intolerances are common in pediatric patients. Most children have mild reactions that disappear when they get older. There are also adults who are allergic to various foods.

Allergy and intolerance are different types of hypersensitivity. Are you allergic immune system reacts against the topic you are in contact with. Intolerance also a reaction, but then it is not immune to react.

Most people who have a food allergy, allergic to one or more of the following foods: eggs, milk, fish, shellfish, strawberries, legumes (soy beans, peanuts and peas), nuts or cereals.

Cross Reactions

Anyone who is allergic can get so-called cross-reactions and react to different foods. Cross-reaction is due to certain substances similar to the substance you are allergic to. It is not all that may cross-reactions and you do not respond to all subjects on the charts. Do you suffer from any one source of nourishment, you can continue to eat it.

  • Allergy to birch pollen may cause cross-reactions to apple, hazelnut, kiwi, cherries, almonds, raw carrot, peach, plum, apricot, raw potatoes, pears, celery.
  • Allergy to mugwort may cause reactions if you eat anise, curry, fennel, chamomile, coriander, cumin, sage, carrots, peppers, parsley, celery, mustard, sunflower seeds, garlic.
  • Allergy to latex (rubber) may cause reactions if you eat avocado, banana, peanut, chestnut, kiwi, cherries, nectarines, plums.

Symptoms of food allergy

Are you allergic to any foodstuff, symptoms may come within minutes or hours after you take the food. The symptoms may appear as:

  • Itching and swelling of the mouth and lips.
  • Stuffy nose or runny nose.
  • Asthma.
  • Vomiting, diarrhea or stomach cramps.
  • Itchy rash, eczema or fluid-filled blisters.
  • Headache, fatigue and irritability.
  • Anaphylaxis is the most severe reaction and a dangerous condition. Blood pressure falls and there is strong public influence. To a person, an anaphylaxis is rare, but if it happens you need care right away. Call 112.

Prevent Food Allergy

Breastfeed your baby if you can. Breastfeeding has many beneficial effects, including the transfer of antibodies important for your child to help it to better cope with infections. However, it is not clear that it can reduce the risk that the child developing allergies.


Avoid the substances that trigger the allergy. For some allergic people it is enough to be exposed to a very small part of the food they are allergic or hypersensitive. So be careful when handling food and avoiding the “contagion down” with food substances that you or someone else is allergic to.

Children who are allergic should not be exposed to tobacco smoke.

Ask for advice

Do you have questions about allergies or are unsure how to do this around the clock, you can ask a nurse via the Internet and get a personal response within two hours by logging in to My Contacts care. Click on the link to the right.

You can also round the clock to talk to a nurse and get advice, call the Care Guide on the phone 08-320 100th Those who respond can also talk about who is your family doctor.

In other languages

  • For advice on the Arabic call 08-528 528 38th
  • For advice on the Bosnian, Croatian or Serbian call 08-528 528 96th

Find Care

Medical Center

Please contact your GP if you experience reactions that you think may be allergic to food.

Emergency hospital

Do you or someone in your vicinity serious symptoms such as respiratory distress or anaphylaxis, you should contact the hospital’s emergency room or call 112. Shock may result from a severe allergic reaction, it is then called anaphylaxis.

The address and telephone number of a kind reception, go to Find Health Care at the top of the page. You can also contact some receptions and order a time via the Internet. Click on My care contacts on the right.

Investigation of Food Allergy

There is no simple test to find out if someone is allergic to food. You may talk about your symptoms and if you have other allergies to find out whether they are cross-reactions.

To find out what you are allergic to, you can keep a födoämnesdagbok careful where you write down what you eat, what foods you react to and how you react.

The next step in the investigation may be to you during a period completely avoid a food that you react to. After that you re-eat food to see if you are experiencing any symptoms.

Skin prick test and blood tests may also help determine if you are allergic. The results in themselves may not prove food allergy, but with other parts of the investigation can skin tests and blood tests to be a help.

Treatment of food allergy

You can not cure food allergy. The best treatment is to avoid the substances you are allergic to. Allergy to milk and eggs but usually heal in two to three children before the age of three. Mild allergy in children to peanuts, tree nuts and soy can heal with time.

There are drugs that can relieve symptoms arising from allergic reactions, for example, reduce itching.

When you have needs, you can get the help of a dietitian to find foods to replace those you are allergic to and put up a diet that fits you.

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