Posts Tagged ‘Breast cancer prevention’

Breast cancer

Monday, April 26th, 2010

Breast cancer is the commonest cancer among women in Sweden and the number is constantly growing. One lump or lump in or around the breast is the most common sign of cancer. Early detection increases the possibility of curing the disease. Surgery combined with radiotherapy is a method for treating breast cancer.

Breast cancer usually begins with a tumor that develops in one breast. It may seem like a tuber. Certain types of breast cancer may spread and form metastases, ie metastases, in other parts of the body.

Many women with breast cancer will be healthy.

The risk of developing breast cancer increases with age. The disease is uncommon before age 40. Breast cancer can be hereditary, but in most cases is not known why.

Breast cancer is also available in men, the most affected is 60-70 years of age or older. Male breast cancer is very rare and represent less than one percent of breast cancers.

Two types of breast cancer

There are two types of breast cancer:

Carcinoma

Cancer tumors occur most often in the mammary gland and passageways in the interior, dairy section. Cancer that occurs in those parts of the breast are called carcinomas. Carcinoma may gradually spread to other parts of the body. This is the most common form of breast cancer.

Sarcoma

Another type of breast cancer is sarcoma, which arises in the breast’s connective tissue. It can spread via the bloodstream to the body’s other organs. One percent of breast cancer cases are sarcomas, carcinomas are the rest.

Symptoms

The most common sign of breast cancer is the formation of a bump or lump in or around the breast, for example, in the armpit. Changes in breast shape and appearance, or a withdrawal of the skin of the breast in a limited area can also occur. The nipple can be drawn inwards or otherwise altered. Bloody discharge from the nipple may also be an early symptom.

Many breast cancer cases are detected in a mammography examination. Regular examinations can detect breast cancer at an early stage.

Prevention

The possibility of curing breast cancer is greater the earlier the diagnosis is made. It is therefore very important that you each month examines your breasts for lumps, nodules or other changes. The best way to examine your breasts is to lather them with circular movements gently feel through the glandular tissue with your fingers. It is easiest to find any changes if you stretch the arm on the side you are examining.

By examining your breasts regularly to learn all about them and can easily detect any changes.

Investigation

To see if you have breast cancer are multiple investigations, including mammography and examination of cell samples from the tumor. If a nodule or lump is detected at mammography sometimes tissue samples taken by puncture with a needle.

The doctor needs to know what kind of tumor it is, how big it is and how it grows to be able to choose treatment. A tissue sample (biopsy) is taken from the tumor to find out what type of tumor they are. In the treatment of breast cancer is always sample from the lymph nodes in the armpit. When tumor cells spread to these lymph nodes affects the choice of treatment.

Treatment

In breast cancer surgery often only the part of the breast where the tumor is. This method is used if the tumor is not larger than 3-4 centimeters in diameter. The procedure is usually combined with radiotherapy for the portion of the breast that remains.

The entire breast surgically removed if the tumor is too large or if there are tumors in several places in the chest. If the tumor in the breast is large or if the tumor cells spread to the lymph nodes are often given chemotherapy (chemo) for three to four months before surgery is done.

Sometimes breast surgery even if it is a benign tumor. When a minor surgery done locally in my chest – it does not remove the entire breast. To be surgically removed a benign lump may be due to mammograms and cell samples are not completely safe demonstrated that cells of the tuber is healthy. When operating in order to be on the safe side. It also happens to be surgically removed benign nodules of the type that over time tend to grow larger, to avoid future uncertainty and new samples. A third reason to remove a benign lump, the patient is restless and myself wish to remove it.

All women who undergo breast surgery in which the entire breast is removed the opportunity to select an external prosthesis or a new breast surgically. There are several different methods to reconstruct the breast, which can sometimes be directly related to the first operation. Breast surgeon work together when a plastic surgeon for the bypass.

Previously, approximately one in ten women who had surgery for breast cancer after surgery so called lymphedema in the operated side arm. In lymphedema, it is important that treatment is provided with compression and massage by specially trained physical therapist. In this way, the symptoms of swelling usually be contained in an effective manner.

With the surgical techniques currently used are only one or two lymph node from his armpit. If the gland is healthy in the armpit surgery becomes so small that the risk of lymphedema is insignificant. If the lymph node analysis however found to be affected by cancer is surgery in the armpit of the same type as before, that is, removing a greater number of lymph nodes.

Aftercare

After surgery or radiation often requires medical treatment with chemotherapy (chemo), antibodies or hormonal drug to reduce the risk that the tumor will come back. Often a combination of several different kinds of treatment. The risk of relapse is greatest during the first few years. After surgery and any other treatment is recommended, therefore, women who have had breast cancer to conduct regular medical examinations and mammograms.

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