Posts Tagged ‘conduction block’

Loss of hearing

Saturday, May 8th, 2010

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Loss of hearing

Hearing loss is usually something that follows the natural aging process. Although illness, injury or heritable changes in the ear may be responsible for hearing loss. Contact an emergency room jourmottagning or get a sudden hearing loss in one ear, hearing bad after diving or after a blow to the ear, and if you also have pain or dizziness.

There are two types of hearing loss: conduction block and the so-called sensorineural hearing loss.

* Conductive hearing means that the sound waves are not being passed on from the eardrum to the inner ear.
* Sensorineural hearing loss means that nerve cells in the cochlea or auditory nerve is damaged, alternatively, completely missing.

The symptoms are treated and how it works with your hearing in the future will depend on where the problems occurred in the ear.
Conductive hearing
Vaxpropp

Hearing loss becomes worse if the ear obstructed by a vaxpropp. An early sign may be that the cap hit for the ear. In the clinic, you can get help in flushing out the stopper.
Öronkatarr

Öronkatarr, otosalpingit, mainly affects young children. Then collects the fluid behind the eardrum, which can result in poor hearing. It often happens when a cold or after an ear infection and can feel like a lid on the ear. The long-standing problems in children when the hearing could be affected should seek medical advice.

Usually the body itself takes care of the liquid, but if the symptoms return, try to even out the pressure in the ear, for example, by chewing and swallowing. Sometimes it may be necessary medicines such as reducing swelling in the ear trumpet mucosa so that more air can enter through it. The long-standing problems can ear doctor to puncture the eardrum and inserting a small plastic tube.
Otitis media

Otitis media is an infection of the middle ear and eardrum. It is caused by bacteria or viruses. You get a sore ear, fever and a bad one.

One tip is to raise the head end of the bed because the swelling and pressure in the ear is reduced if you have your head high.

Pain medication helps against the pain in your ear. If ear inflammation due to bacteria treated with antibiotics.
Injuries

Type the ear or head may cause the eardrum burst, resulting in poorer hearing until the wound is healed. A type can also cause the two legs of the hearing, anvil and stirrup, separating from each other, called a luxation. Poor hearing due to damage in the outer and middle ear can be improved by surgery.
Otosclerosis

Otosclerosis is hearing that the stirrup bone, connecting the middle and inner ear, is becoming less elastic. When an operation is changed often stirrup onto an object made of metal or plastic.
Congenital malformation of ear

One can be born with a birth defect and no external ear, ear canal and / or middle. By an operation, the sound is passed to the inner ear to improve hearing. This is complex and can not be performed on small children. Hearing aid gives this helpful.
Sensorineural hearing loss
Birth defects in the inner ear

Congenital hearing loss may be due either to genetic factors, have occurred in the womb or at birth. Hearing loss may be mild, moderate or severe, or absent. Hearing loss may also deteriorate with time.
Age Change

The most common cause of hearing loss is that your body is aging and hearing organs.
Noise Damage

The noise, the small nerve cells, hair cells, the cochlea is damaged forever. How serious problems with your hearing depends on how extensive the damage is.
Sudden deafness

You can suddenly hear worse in one ear. It may be due to impaired blood circulation to the cochlea or a viral infection, but usually you can find no reason. Hearing deficiency may return spontaneously or persist over time. If early treat with cortisone, it can have effect.
Meniere’s disease

People who have Meniere’s disease may vertigo attacks, and whisper in your ear pressure feeling. Hearing loss may vary, but usually it is dizziness that is most troublesome. Read more about Meniere’s disease on the link top right.
Acusticusneurinom, auditory nerve tumor

Hearing loss in one ear may rarely be due to a tumor on the auditory nerve. Hearing becomes progressively worse and can also be feeling pressure, dizziness or balance disturbances. Treatment consists of surgery or radiation. The tumor grows slowly and may not always be treated.
Side effects of medicines

Hearing loss can also be a side effect of some drugs. Discuss various pharmaceutical pros and cons with your doctor.
Tinnitus

Tinnitus is a common sign of hearing damage. A person with tinnitus has been a constant murmur of the ear or hears roaring or humming sound. It can also be a beeping with highs in the ear. Age-related changes and noise damage are the main causes of tinnitus. Tinnitus occurs even without your hearing is impaired. The reason can be outside the ear.
Prevention

Noise damage can be prevented. Remember to use hearing protection when you go to rock concerts with high volume, working in a noisy environment or on other occasions when you can damage your hearing.
Find Care

If you find you have difficulty hearing, you should first contact your GP. The doctor may refer you to a hearing clinic, if necessary.

You should contact an emergency room or jourmottagning if you:

* sudden hearing loss in one ear
* hear bad after a dive or after a blow to the ear
* among poor and at the same time feel pain in the ear or head
* suddenly hear bad and feel dizzy.

The address and telephone number of a kind reception you can find by clicking on the Find clinic care. You can also contact some receptions and order a time via the Internet. Click on My care contacts.
Treatment
Treatment for nerve damage

A damaged inner ear can often not be healthy again. You need a good hearing aid and assistive technology that enhances the sound and easier life. You may also need instruction on how to manage your disability on the best way.

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