Posts Tagged ‘cystitis’

Urinary tract infection (cystitis, cystitis)

Saturday, July 31st, 2010

Urinary tract infection which is limited to the bladder is called cystitis. It is common to feel when pee more often than otherwise. You may have pain in my stomach, it can sting when you urinate or you can easily become sick. Sexually transmitted infections can produce similar symptoms, so you should contact the clinic if you have trouble.

Urinary tract infection caused by bacteria. Often do you yourself are already on them. The bacteria which have penetrated into the bladder through the urethra. The infection is not contagious between people.

Most common is coliform bacteria, normally present in the gut and around the anus and that which is completely harmless. Although other bacteria may cause an infection if they come to the bladder, where it usually is not bacteria. Some people have bacteria in the urine without having the inconvenience of this, which is called asymptomatic bakterieuri, and are not usually treated.

If bacteria from the bladder will continue even higher up in the body, through the ureter to the kidney, it can lead to a more severe form of urinary tract infection, renal pelvis inflammation.

For women, cystitis is a common and in most cases, harmless condition. Men are affected more often, because the man’s urethra length provides better protection against bacteria than short women. When women suffer from urinary tract infections are often also infected prostate gland.


Cystitis can come on suddenly with distinct symptoms. More common is that you have mild symptoms, which sometimes grows later. Some common signs:

  • Urgency, you know you pee more often than otherwise.
  • Pain when you urinate.
  • Feeling of not being able to empty the bladder completely.
  • Urine has been cloudy, smelly or blood mixed.
  • Hard to hold urine.
  • Mild nausea or pain in the lower abdomen.


Older people can also become suddenly confused.


Drink enough so that you urinate on a regular basis. When the bladder is flushed properly. When you urinate, it is important that your bladder is emptied completely, otherwise it increases the risk of infection. One trick is to walk around a few steps when you are peeing. You can then try to empty your bladder again.

Some women may often cystitis after intercourse. A tip is when to pee every time.

Do not wash the genital area more frequently than once a day. If you wash up more often may increase the symptoms. Remember that washing and drying should always be done from front to rear to reduce the risk of bacteria from the tail reaches the urethra.

Find Care

Contact your GP for symptoms if you:

  • are a woman and have pronounced or prolonged symptoms
  • it is
  • have children with disorders of the urinary tract or unclear fever
  • is pregnant
  • have diabetes or another illness that makes you more susceptible to infection.
    also have chills or fever over 38 degrees
  • suspect that you have a sexually transmitted disease chlamydia or gonorrhea
  • has blood in urine
  • are older and suddenly become confused or feel generally impaired with no other apparent cause


Occasional mild symptoms in women need not always be treated. Make sure to drink a lot and urinate frequently. Drinking acidic beverages such as juices, can help.

Sexually transmitted diseases chlamydia may cause similar symptoms, so it is important to examine themselves.


A short course of treatment is usually adequate antibiotic therapy for urinary tract infection.

For recurring infections, it is good to switch between different kinds of antibiotics. For older women with fragile mucosa, treatment with estrogens have a good effect. In rare cases, prolonged treatment with antibiotics may be needed.

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Urinary tract infection in children

Saturday, July 31st, 2010

Urinary tract infection in children is quite common. Among very young children, it is mostly boys who are affected. After six months of age, urinary tract infection is more common in girls. It can be difficult to detect infection in young children. Sometimes the child just a high fever. If your baby has high fever and / or are affected public should contact the hospital.

Urinary tract infection is usually due to so-called coliform bacteria have spread from the intestine up through the urethra to the bladder. A urinary tract infection without fever is usually limited to the bladder (cystitis) and need to be treated to alleviate discomfort. The infection generally provides no complications.

For the younger children often spread the bacteria further up into the kidney and renal pelvis inflammation provides. This gives the child a high fever. When small children are renal pelvis inflammation may be a sign that the child has a malformation of the urinary tract, such as a stricture. Therefore it is important that young children receive a proper investigation.


In small children it is sometimes difficult to detect urinary tract infection. The only sign may be that the child is not gaining weight. Older children often complain that it hurts when they urinate and the need to urinate often. Sometimes they urinate on themselves too easily.

High fever without other symptoms, like intermittent fever spikes, may be due to a renal pelvic inflammation. Some children with renal pelvic inflammation was also hurt in the stomach or side and vomit.


Urinary tract infections may come back and it is important that parents are alert to the signs. When you suspect your child has the infection, ensure that the child may submit urine samples. A little older girls (preschool age and early school age) may sometimes recurrent urinary tract infections. These girls often have problems passing urine and may urinate on themselves during the day. First, you must then ensure that the girl regularly go to the toilet. If it does not help, you should contact a pediatrician for further assistance.

Urinary tract infection is not due to a lack of hygiene. Excessive washing is more harm than good because the mucous membranes may be irritated. Girls with urinary tract infections should wash as usual. It is important to wash and wipe themselves from front to rear.

When a child had a urinary tract infection may often different parents advice on preventive measures, to avoid swimming, keep warm and to drink a lot. Some children might be helped by this, but it has never been shown that it can do no good.


Urinary tract infection is not contagious.


Children with fever should stay home until the fever went down. When the baby are doing well, it can go back to preschool or school, even if antibiotic treatment is continued for a few days.


If a child shows signs of urinary tract infection urine samples taken. Young children find it difficult to urinate on command, and therefore is often a so-called pÄsprov. A plastic bag taped around the penis or snippan to collect urine.


Young children with renal pelvic inflammation should be managed by pediatricians. The youngest children are often hospitalized for a few days in order to ensure that the treatment works.


If the urine test indicates that the child has a urinary tract infection are given antibiotics for about ten days.


In small children with urinary tract infection usually x-ray of the urinary tract to see if there is narrowing and / or other abnormalities of the urethra or ureter. In some cases, such a change need to be addressed.


Children who had renal pelvic inflammation should be followed up with renal imaging after a time that you should ensure that they do not have scars on the kidney.

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