Posts Tagged ‘Head cancer’

The head and neck cancer annually affects about 15,000 people

Saturday, May 22nd, 2010

Each year are diagnosed in Spain between 14,000 and 15,000 people with head and neck cancer. It is estimated that currently suffer from this disease some 37,000 Spanish, making our country in a region with higher incidence, as detailed Dr. Juan Jesús Cruz, head of the University Hospital of Salamanca and president of the Spanish Group Treatment of Head and Neck Tumors.

These tumors occur mainly in men, as nine out of ten cases, which explains “as a result of habits and social customs such as consumption of alcohol and snuff,” said Cruz. However, the doctor recalled that these are patients with a high prevalence of healing and survival, largely because treatments that have emerged in recent years.

The disease, which affects the salivary glands, lips, oral cavity, larynx, hypopharynx, nasopharynx, nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses, particularly evident in the oral cavity (43%), followed by the pharynx (33%) and larynx ( 24%). In addition, because the symptoms are nonspecific, the disease may present untreated for a long time, which makes 80% of patients go to consultation with locally advanced disease. “They are tumors in which social relations are very committed, so it is key to developing new therapies that can avoid surgery and the high toxicity of radiotherapy, said Cruz.

They are mostly young patients, about 50, about drug abusers. “Most important are smokers and drinkers,” said Dr. Yolanda Escobar, an oncologist at the Hospital Gregorio Maranon de Madrid. It is important that the patient change their lifestyle habits for successful treatment, he said. “Unlike what patients think, one is not free of the disease by consuming alcohol ‘light’ as it could be beer or wine, because what is taken into account is the amount of ethanol consumed. They fought to snuff in terms of the amount you smoked per day, per year, the intensity of inhalation, and so on. “said the doctor.

Some early symptoms of these patients are in difficulty or discomfort when swallowing, prolonged hoarseness, sore face, throat and persistent nasal obstruction, hoarseness, or mouth sores. Those affected, which in general are people of low socioeconomic status, have a great ability to fit the diagnosis and treatment. Some applicants are not asking for information and treatment options, detailed Escobar. It is important to the multidisciplinary approach of the disease, which is normally involved the audiologist, surgeon, radiation oncologist and medical oncologist, who has to lead the monitoring of these patients, she explained. This tumor also requires a complex approach, as are common comorbidities, especially cardiovascular status, respiratory, liver, and can prevent the use of aggressive therapies, he added.

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