Posts Tagged ‘radiotherapy’

Dry mouth

Saturday, May 8th, 2010

Dry mouth due to salivary glands (salivary glands) produce too little saliva. Dry mouth can be caused by medication, stress, illness or radiotherapy. You can reduce damage from dry mouth by taking care of teeth and mouth well and have a good diet.

With less saliva in the mouth increases bacterial growth. Your ability tooth decay.

Dry mouth is one common problem that often increases with age. Many medications do you dry in the mouth. Dry mouth can also be due to:

* you eat too little chewable stimulant diet as fruit and vegetables
* you have weak masticatory muscles or bad teeth, making it difficult to chew
* you chew less because you are ill and bedridden
* you are under stress
* you have an inflammation of the salivary glands
* you have radiation therapy in head and neck, which can damage salivary glands.

Symptoms

It retained the dry mouth is difficult to eat and swallow food without drinking to. At worst, it may be difficult to talk.
Prevent

* Take care of your teeth so that they are able to chew.
* Avoid medications that provide dry mouth, if possible. Talk to your doctor about it.
* Talk to your dentist / dental hygienist for preventive measures.
Investigation

The dentist can measure your saliva flow. If dry mouth due to radiotherapy of head and neck, an inflammation or Sjogren’s syndrome dentist makes an investigation for you to receive the tandvårdsstöd you may be entitled. The support will give you some financial help for dental treatment caused by dry mouth.
Treatment

You can do yourself to keep your mouth moist and stimulate saliva production:

* rinse your mouth frequently with water
* drink lots of water, but avoid soft drinks and juices
* chew your food well. Do not eat raw vegetables such as carrot and cucumber
* chew sugarless gum if you have not käkledsbesvär.

At the pharmacy are drugs that relieve dry mouth and increase saliva production, as lozenges and chewing gum. In severe dry mouth are also saliva substitutes in the form of gel or spray that can help. It is also important with extra fluoride administration. Ask your dentist or hygienist. If you suffer from dry mouth should take care of your teeth with extra care.

* Go to the dentist regularly, at least once a year.
* Brush your teeth carefully twice a day with fluoride toothpaste.
* Use dental floss or dental stick.
* Avoid snacking.

If you are undergoing radiation therapy, there are specific guidelines for treatment of how to take care of your teeth during and after treatment.
Pharmaceuticals

Ask your pharmacist about your medicine may cause dry mouth. Pharmacy staff can advise you about mouth care.

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Brain tumor

Tuesday, April 27th, 2010

Brain tumor may cause many different symptoms from headaches and seizures to personality disorder. Brain tumor treated with surgery and sometimes radiation therapy and chemotherapy. Contact your GP for recurrent headaches, nausea and vomiting, disturbances in balance or episodic disturbance of movement ability, vision, speech and sensation but also if you have blackouts or change your personality.

Brain tumor affecting up to 2,000 people in Sweden each year. The causes are unknown, but chemical and heritage can play a role. Brain tumor affects people of all ages. In children and adolescents, it is the second most common cancer, after leukemia, with about 80 new cases per year. Brain tumor is most common among older people and half of all patients are over 60 years.

Tumours of the central nervous system may be primary or secondary. Primary occur in the brain. Secondary, ie metastases or metastases from cancers arising in any other organ in the body.

Primary brain tumors can be benign or malignant. Benign tumors grow slowly and separated from the brain tissue, while malignant grows into the brain tissue, and are therefore difficult to radical surgical removal. There are a hundred different types of primary brain tumors with different prognosis and treatment.
Symptoms

The symptoms of brain tumor depends primarily on where in the brain tumor cavity. There may be a case of epileptic seizures of various kinds, visual disturbances, speech and hearing problems, impaired balance, memory disturbances, paralysis symptoms, numbness or headache. The brain is also the center of our emotions and psychiatric symptoms is therefore not unusual for brain tumors. In the first place shows they like that it is hard to take the initiative and feel engegemang.

When a tumor growing in the brain increases the pressure inside the head and this can eventually cause headache, nausea and vomiting, especially in the mornings.
Find Care
Medical Center

You should contact your GP if you experience:

* epilepsy-like seizures
* recurrent headaches
* recurrent nausea and vomiting
* balance disturbances, visual disturbances, speech and hearing disorders, sensation or movement disorders
* memory gaps and / or personality changes.

The address and telephone number of a kind reception you can find by clicking on the Find clinic care at the top of the page or by clicking the link below the reception the upper right.
You can also contact some receptions and order a time via the Internet. Click on My care contacts on the right.
Investigation

If there is suspicion of brain tumor investigation usually begins with a neurological examination in which sensory, mobility and reflexes, and more controlled. The survey gives an idea of what part of the brain that are affected.

To see if there is a tumor and where it is needed must be X-rayed and it is done with so-called CT scan or MRI.

For a definitive diagnosis and to determine the type of tumor this is, required in many cases a tissue sample. This is generally associated with an operation. If the diagnosis is uncertain conducted a special operation to remove the tissue sample. In many cases, this can be performed through a small hole drilled in the skull bone. A thin needle is introduced and it sucks out a small sample of the suspected tumor.
Treatment

Operation and / or radiotherapy is the most important methods to treat brain tumors. Sometimes it is also given chemotherapy, chemo. Often, other treatments for the symptoms of the tumor brought about, such as epilepsy.

Occasional small tumors treated with targeted radiotherapy, known as strålknivsbehandling. One can then obtain a strong therapeutic effect against the tumor while the surrounding brain tissue is affected only slightly.

The potential to cure disease, a brain tumor depends on many factors. Among the most important are:

* Tumor type
* where in the brain tumor growing
* tumor size.

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