Posts Tagged ‘Symptoms of allergy in children’

Allergy in children

Thursday, April 22nd, 2010

Allergy in children can be triggered upon contact with allergens in our environment. This may include fur, pollen and foods. Skin prick test can show if your child is allergic. Contact care if your child has allergies.

Allergy is due to problems in the immune system. One of the immune system’s tasks is to produce antibodies that protect the body against bacteria, viruses and parasites. In allergic formed antibodies against harmless substances.

Why some children develop allergies and others do not still baffles scientists. Today, it is known that heredity plays an important role and that smoking may increase the risk, and that breast-feeding in some cases can delay that a child develops an allergy. One child, where both parents have severe allergies, are twice as likely to become allergic, compared with other child.

If a child is sensitive to a particular substance, it can either be due to an allergy or hypersensitivity. Symptoms tend to be strongest for sensitization.

The allergy can be to diagnose, treat and prevent problems in a different way than in case of hypersensitivity.

Symptoms of allergy in children

The most common symptoms of allergies are respiratory problems, eczema, hives and stomach problems.

Examples of common allergies in children

Rhinitis

Of all people in Sweden who has allergies is 40 percent allergic to pollen, also known as pollen. It is pollen from trees and grasses that are the most common causes of pollen allergy. A child with pollen allergy may have symptoms from spring to late autumn because the plants bloom at different times.

Common signs of pollen allergy are runny or stuffy nose, irritated, itchy eyes and sometimes asthma. Rhinitis can also make hives in the form of an itchy red rash on the body.

Fur Allergy

The most common fur allergy are allergic to cats. Cat allergens in the coat, in saliva and urine. These substances are easily transported by air and can spread to areas where there are no fur. It makes children feel very sensitive to their allergies even in environments without fur, as in kindergarten and in school.

Common signs of fur allergies are respiratory problems, like asthma and rhinitis. Other signs can include watery and itchy eyes, hives, and in direct contact with a fur.

Food Allergy

Food allergy means that the child can not tolerate certain foods, it may include eggs, peanuts, fish or milk. Typically, the proteins in food that causes allergic symptoms.

When food allergy is common with itching in the mouth, stomach upset as vomiting and diarrhea. Allergy to certain foods may also give hives and eczema worsen. In some cases, the airways are affected. The child may also experience an allergic shock. Read more about the shock link to the right.

Cows’ milk Allergy

It is particularly infants who are allergic to cows’ milk. It is often detected when the child will start eating porridge instead of milk. It is common for allergy grow out. At three to four years old milk can often be included in the diet again.

Common signs of cows’ milk allergies are vomiting, diarrhea, colic, eczema / rash and the child does not gain weight. Sometimes the child may have trouble breathing.

Insect Allergy

There are children who are allergic to insects and then often in bi-and wasp stings.

The most common allergic reaction is that the area around the sting becomes swollen and red. In severe allergic reaction can become very serious and cause allergic shock, that is, short of breath, hoarseness, confusion, hypotension and unconsciousness.

Celiac disease

Celiac disease, celiac disease, an intestinal disease that causes the intestine is damaged by gluten. Gluten is a protein found in wheat, barley and rye. Celiac disease is found mostly in the transition from breast milk to gruel. Intolerance do not grow out with time.

Signs of gluten intolerance may be stomach upset such as diarrhea or constipation, as well as the child grows poorly.

Lactose intolerance

Lactose intolerance is not an allergy but an intolerance to lactose. Lactose is a milk sugar which occurs only in milk products. Children who are lactose intolerant can not digest lactose in the intestine. When lactose is not broken down instead to begin the fermentation of bacteria in the colon.

In lactose intolerance, the child with stomach problems. It can be gas, diarrhea, bloating, noise, runs or colic pains.

Contact Allergy

Contact allergy may be caused by more than 3 700 substances. It has a different reason than, for example, pollen allergies. Contact allergy occurs when the skin over a long period in direct contact with an allergenic substance.

Give the allergy dermatitis in the form of small itchy blisters, mainly on the skin site exposed to contact with the allergenic substance.

Nickel is the most common cause of contact allergy. Other substances that can cause skin problems is a preservative and perfume. Contact allergy often begins already in children and adolescents and persists throughout life.

Prevent allergies in children

Where and how allergy can be prevented are discussed thoroughly among allergy specialists. The following advice can be offered under a public health perspective:

  • Do not smoke during pregnancy or breastfeeding.
  • Do not smoke inside.
  • Breastfeed your baby if you can. Breastfeeding has many beneficial effects, including the transfer of antibodies important for your child to help it to better cope with infections.
  • Have good ventilation indoors.

Self-care in allergy in children

If you know that your child is allergic, there is much you can do at home to prevent your child may be allergic disorders.

  • In pollen allergy, you may want to closely monitor pollen reports. To close the window, to avoid airing clothing outdoors and use preventive medicine as pollenhalterna is high is no way to prevent an allergic reaction.
  • For fur allergy, it is important to review the environment at home and think about that carefully clean clothes and other things that have been in contact with fur. The problem with kindergarten and school friends’ pet companions remain, but by telling the child’s allergy to kindergarten and school, perhaps you can find solutions.
  • Food allergies will be conducted in close cooperation with doctors and dieticians. This right to remove a source of nourishment and diet is balanced.
  • If your child may contact dermatitis by clothing or jewelry should not be used. The hypersensitivity to preservatives and fragrances, there are special allergy-free hygiene and cleaning products to buy, including the pharmacy.

Ask for advice

If you are unsure of what to do around the clock, you can ask a nurse via the Internet and get a personal response within two hours by logging in to My Contacts care.

You can also round the clock to talk to a nurse and get advice, call the Care Guide on the phone 08-320 100th Those who respond can also talk about who is your family doctor.

In other languages

  • For advice on the Arabic call 08-528 528 38th
  • For advice on the Bosnian, Croatian or Serbian call 08-528 528 96th

Find Care

Contact your GP if your child has:

  • respiratory problems such as cough or wheezing, in contact with any substance, such as coughs or with exertion
  • stubborn skin irritations
  • runny and irritated eyes
  • long-term problems with nausea, diarrhea and indigestion.

If your child is three years old or younger, you should first contact a pediatrician.

    Do your children sudden shortness of breath or trouble as severe fatigue, you should immediately seek emergency care.

The address and telephone number of a kind reception, go to Find Health Care. You can also contact some receptions and order a time via the Internet. Click on My care contacts.

Study on allergy in children

It is important to study early if the child is allergic to any substance. This is to avoid that the child is exposed to the substances or environments that trigger the allergy, and to put the right treatment.

To find out if your child has an allergy is used for both blood tests and skin tests, so-called dot tests. When exposed skin prick test for multiple allergens during a short time to see if there is any allergic reaction. The subject you want to explore dripped on the skin, usually on the forearm. Then the “dots” are easily into the skin where the substance was dripping. Skin prick test can be done both to foods and allergy-causing substances in the air, such as pollen and threads from fur animals.

If your doctor suspects asthma, he or she investigates often the lungs. Children aged between three and six years to measure lung function with a so-called peak flow meters. Older children do a real test of pulmonary function, called spirometry. In both cases, measure how quickly the child can blow out air in the lungs.

Treatment of allergy in children

The basis of reading is that children are no longer exposed to the substance or the environment, which provides an allergic reaction. Contact with a dietician is an important factor in food allergy.

Sometimes it is not enough to avoid the substance in question, but the child must get medicine. There are both prescription and OTC drugs against different types of allergies.

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